Tianjin is one of the centers of China in the cultural, tourist and historical spheres. Located not far from the Chinese capital - Beijing. About 15 million inhabitants live in the city. They respect the original culture and honor local traditions.
The climate in these parts is mild continental, which helps to vividly feel all four seasons, although the temperature differences are not as sharp as in Russia. The history of the city begins back in 1404 under the rulers of the Tang Dynasty.
Even then, a royal port was built in the city, and fortifications in the 15-16th century were quickly erected one after another. Today, there are not so many ancient buildings in Tianjin, since the city has turned into a modern metropolis, which amazes with its charm and charm, is a kind of Chinese highlight.
Tianjin city on a map of China
On the map of China, you can see that this is one of the largest ports and cities of the country, which surrounded the Yanshan Mountains, the waters of the Bohai Bay and the Great Channel of China. Thanks to the port, the city has long been attractive for trade with other countries. It is connected by trade routes with 180 countries (a total of about 400 ports).
What to see in Tianjin necessarily - the main attractions of the city
The city will amaze with its grandeur and variety of attractions: you can see both unusual architectural structures and enjoy the views of local natural parks.
- Gulou - drum tower, which is located in the central part of the historical zone of the city. It was here that not only time was reported, but also about incoming troubles, the enemy. Today, to feel like a sentry of this building, you need to climb to the top, paying 28 yuan.
- Ferris wheel, officially open only in 2009. The highlight of the entertainment attraction is that a powerful construction base is erected on the local river bridge. In total, there are 48 cabins on the wheel, each of which accommodates no more than 8 people. You can reach the summit in 28 minutes and see all the sights at a distance of 40 km. You can ride on a wheel from 09.30 a.m. to 21.30.
- TV tower, which is an unofficial cultural center of the city. Due to the fact that the height of the building is 415 meters, it is one of the 6 tallest TV towers in the world. Sometimes they get more adrenaline and impressions than when they visit the Ferris wheel. The TV tower is open from 8.00 to 20.00. The cost of visiting is 50 yuan.
- The National Library is one of the most unusual world projects. Huge and long shelves with books are located around a huge ball that glows. Since the building was erected very quickly and was delivered in 3 years, the books are only on the lower and middle shelves, and the upper ones are fake.
- The water park, which was first opened in 1951. Although the territory of the park is huge, but there is not a single centimeter of land in it that would not be rationally used. Here you can visit the zoo, attractions, a zone with water activities and picturesque lakes, architectural structures. You can enter the territory for free, some of the entertainment may be paid, but it is quite affordable for tourists.
- "Valley of Joy" is an amusement park. The park area is 350 thousand square meters. You need to consider that it is better to get here by taxi, because it is very far to go from the subway - it is located in Dunl, a suburban area. The whole territory is divided into 6 thematic zones. The entrance will have to pay 180 yuan. The park is open to visitors all year round.
- The house-museum of Jingyuan - one of the last emperors of China. China is not only a country of huge and unusual skyscrapers, but also no less original museums. This museum is really the home of the last emperor of the Pu I. dynasty. The interior and the things that are here belonged to him. You can come here any day except Monday. Entrance fee is 20 yuan. All information is presented not only in Chinese, but also in English.
- Tianjin Museum of local science and technology. The museum building itself was built in the form of a bridge, in the middle of which is a large ball. Special corners with instruments are equipped here, where you can conduct experiments on your own or with an instructor and trace their progress. There are educational places for children.
- Dabeiyuan Temple. Located in the north-eastern part of the Old Town. The first construction of the temple saw the world in the 17th century. During the cultural revolution, it was slightly destroyed, but in 1980 it was reconstructed. The temple has statues of Shakyamuni Buddha and 24 hand Guanyin.
- Part of the Great Wall of China. From these places, very picturesque landscapes of the area open. The construction of the wall in this city began in 557 and only in the 20th century the wall was recognized as a relic of the state.
- Indoor botanical garden of tropical plants. Additionally, in the garden you can visit corners for rest and relaxation in nature, purchase souvenir products.
- A house made of porcelain resembles a house for large dolls in many ways. The house, the gates and the fence are all decorated with china. At the head of the house sits 4 dragons, framed by porcelain elements. Porcelain is also used to frame gates, door and window openings. This is the museum building of an amateur collector who opened it in 2007.
How to get there
Get to Tianjin city in three ways:
- By air, arriving at Tianjin Binhai International Airport. There you should find the right subway line, then move to the area planned for viewing or settlement. It works from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. A one-time trip will cost 5 yuan.
- The Tianjin metropolis is connected with Beijing by the high-speed railway built in 2008. The trains gain speed up to 300 km / h, which allows you to cover a distance of 120 km in half an hour. They hit the road twice every 60 minutes and run between cities from 6:15 a.m. to 10 p.m. If you want to leave cheaply - you need to purchase a ticket in advance, the most budget option is 55 Chinese units.
- Traveling by bus is the longest and most expensive. Its departure point is the Beijing airport, and the final one is the Tianjin bus station. The ticket price starts from 80 Chinese currency units, and the journey lasts 4 hours.
Climate and weather
The city is influenced by the mild continental climate, where all four seasons with temperature differences are pronounced, though not as sharp as in Russia. In winter, the thermometer seldom drops below -3 degrees, the weather is sunny and dry, precipitation is mainly in the summer, characterized by temperature indicators in the region of 26-27 degrees.
Time in Tianjin differs from Moscow by +5 hours and coincides with Beijing.
The area, stretching over 12 thousand square kilometers, is divided into 16 districts: central accessories, adjoining neighboring and separated. The largest and newest of them is Binhai, founded in 2009 by the union of smaller, previously considered industrial zones. The area is densely populated due to the location of the Tianjin port and a high concentration of large industries, it is characterized by low housing prices and a wide selection of vacancies for a variety of jobs.
Hepintsu more than the rest recalls the past colonial era. Centennial banking buildings, the French church in the neo-romanticism style, the former concession zones of Britain, France and Japan, etc., hundreds of villas that once belonged to Europeans, are located here.
The Italian region - formerly the concession of Italy - is a good place in Tianjin, for tourists to walk and the only architectural complex in Asia made in this style.
The construction of the subway began in 1970, and the first 8 stations began their work in 1984. In 2001, reconstruction began, as a result of which in 2006 the line was extended to 26 km and 22 stations. In total, trains are currently running on 5 existing branches, one of which is fully automatic. The city authorities are actively considering further development of the metro scheme and new directions, as well as the extension of the 6th line.
The city is filled with interesting parks and educational museum pavilions. In the suburbs there is a temple of Lonely Happiness, with a huge Buddha statue made of delicate porcelain. If you go northwest from there, you come across the best natural monument - Panshan Mountains, the landscapes of which are more picturesque than Taishan. In the city itself there is a Water Park with islands - a magical corner with a bright landscape and lots of entertainment. It is also worth visiting the Garden of Tranquility, an observation deck on the TV tower and tasting aromatic tea in cozy teahouses.
The geographical center of the settlement is conditionally divided into two zones: business and historical. The very heart of the second is the Gulou drum tower, which once served as an alert for alarms and beats time. Now - the building reminds the townspeople and tourists about the old days, you can climb it by paying 27 yuan, and even feel like a real sentry ringing the bell for an additional 40 local units.
Tianjin eye is a relatively new landmark in Tianjin city, opened in 2009. It has its own zest - a powerful structure erected directly on the bridge connecting across the river. Haihe several areas of the city. The diameter of the ring is 110 m, and the capacity is 48 booths of 8 people each. 28 minutes after the start of the journey, you find yourself at the very top and in clear weather you can observe the landscapes at a distance of 40 km with a 360-degree view. A breathtaking ride costs 70 yuan per adult and half as much as a child, growing up to 1.2 m. The ring works 12 hours a day, starting at 9:30 in the morning. The panorama of the city is beautiful at any time of the day, but in the evening the line of entry increases many times, so if it’s not important for you to see the lights come on, go there in the afternoon.
An informal cultural center is located in the middle of an artificial lake near the center of a megalopolis. The 415-meter height allows it to occupy 6th place among the tallest buildings in the world, and 4 - in Asia. On its top, there is a viewing platform and a panoramic cafe, slowly spinning around the axis of the television tower. The opening view is impressive and attracts travelers more than the legendary Ferris wheel. It is here that you can make the best photos of the Tianjin metropolis, taking into account clear and cloudless weather. Climbing the last tier costs 50 yuan and can be done from 8 am to 8 pm.
Like any other metropolis, Tianjin is able to tire of the abundance of interesting places. That is why there are many hotels and holiday homes for every taste and budget. Among them there are fashionable, designed for a rich tourist, medium-sized, with optimal comfort conditions and cheap hostels for budget trips. In the latter, you can settle for 10-20 dollars a day, and in the most expensive - for 200 dollars. Pay attention to the respectable Sheraton Tianjin Binhai Hotel - a night in it costs $ 300, plus half this amount for a modest breakfast. It is located near the stadium, which is why its high popularity is caused. There are also offers for $ 120, but already in economy rooms. On the territory there is a swimming pool, conference rooms, saunas, shops and other infrastructure designed to create comfort and carefree relaxation.
A more affordable option is the 2-star Jinjiang Inn Tianjin Tanggu, where you need to pay $ 20 a night, but at the same time, get a hearty, good breakfast, there is also a tour desk with a multi-language guide and many souvenir shops where you can to buy a gift for loved ones.
Holiday homes for $ 5 per day are traditionally called hostels. There are also enough of them in Tianjin. You have to huddle in a common room in a separate bed, but clean and with fresh linens. These establishments also offer Wi-Fi and free tea in the lobby.
Each tourist will find the conditions to their taste and wallet.
The Binhai Library is the most unusual project of its kind in the world. The endless rows of bookshelves cascaded around a snow-white luminous ball. The composition is an illusion of the human eye from the inside. This is most noticeable from afar, looking at the wall of the building from the outside - stained glass in the form of an irregular ellipse accurately conveys the shape of the eye with the pupil in the middle. The construction was completed in a short time - within 3 years. It was this that could affect the final result - initially, all tiers were supposed to be accessible to the reader and represent shelves with books, but as a result, the upper ones are just a dummy formed from plates with images of printed publications. Against the background of such a masterpiece of architecture, it is definitely worth taking a few photos.
A great place for leisurely walks and relaxation with the whole family. The largest public park area of the city was opened more than half a century ago, in 1951. Despite the vast space allocated for its improvement, there is not a single ill-conceived patch of land, everything is harmoniously divided into zones: architectural, floral, water, there is Zoo, equipped with rides. All entertainment, including boat rental, will cost no more than 40 yuan, and entrance to the territory is free.
A walking area was opened in 1954 by the very chairman of the PRC, who had left his signature on the nameplate. The territory is also ennobled and well-groomed, as in a water park, but at times less - about 14 hectares, more than 3 of which are reserved for ponds. Admission is always free, even when the organizers hold exhibitions, cultural events and events significant for the city.
Amusement Park "Valley of Joy"
You can get to a large-scale idea with an area of 350 square meters only by bus and taxi, the developed metro network does not reach him. It is located in the suburban area of Dunl on the lake and is divided into 6 thematic zones. Visitors are welcome here year-round, for a fee of 180 yuan for an admission ticket.
Tianjin is called the city of foggy skyscrapers and huge museums, not in vain. Municipal and private, open-air or under domes, they stretch for tens of kilometers, have rich exhibition halls and show how versatile China can be. These are exhibits of historical origin, and exhibitions of modern art, and representatives of technology and electronics, painting and much more.
Home Museum of the Last Chinese Emperor Jingyuan
The complex with the adjacent park were built by order of the current government to equip the Tianjin residence there, originally called Qianyuan. Later, in 1921, it was renamed to its current name. Here lived the last ruler of the imperial dynasty of China, Pu Yi, the walls preserved the original interior and even the personal belongings of the emperor, which makes the place a real cultural and historical value and one of the main attractions of not only Tianjin, but the whole country. The museum is open on all days of the week except Monday, the tour lasts about an hour, the ticket costs 20 units in Chinese currency. All inscriptions and accompanying walks, stories are duplicated in English.
The exhibits on display are devoted to the history of the city. To understand and understand most of them, you need to be well aware of the culture of China, its traditions and the way of life of the local population.
Tianjin Museum of Science and Technology
The unusual building is made in the form of a bridge with a ball located in the middle, which is a reflection of modern science. On the territory of 20 thousand square meters. meters are stands with theoretical information and instruments that reproduce one or another, the described phenomenon. You can use the equipment yourself by following the progress of the experiment. Also inside are equipped entertainment areas for children and adults. The museum operates 5 days a week, excluding Monday and Tuesday, a ticket for visiting will cost an adult 20 yuan, and a child - half as much.
How to get around the city
The transport system of the city is one of the most convenient and best in China. Clean and comfortable buses run in Tianjin since 1904 and deliver in all directions, and the subway, represented by underground and ground trains, in 1970 became the second largest in the country. Move within the city for 1.5 yuan. Also, enough taxis ride on the streets, where the cost of 1 km is 1.7 monetary units. Travel from one part of the city to another will cost approximately 50 units in local currency.
Please note that when traveling by taxi, in addition to the required mileage, the fare for high-speed toll roads is added.
There are enough stations in the city where cars are offered for rent. The longer you take the car, the more discount you get. You can order a car while still at home using Internet sites, for example, “car rental”.
As in any other major city in China, shopping is an integral part of the trip. They offer local products, as well as European goods and their cheap counterparts. For tourists and urban residents in Tianjin, many specialized trading platforms and markets have been built and are functioning.
Binjiang Tao Street
This is a whole entertainment quarter, stretching over 2094 m. And includes fashion boutiques and shopping centers, equipped with first-tier bars and restaurants. The street is located in the heart of the city and involves not only shopping, but also hiking, a pleasant pastime and dozens of entertainment.
Ancient Tianjin Cultural Street
Finding yourself between the malls dotted with antiques, art gems embodying Chinese painting, jade crafts and other souvenirs, you seem to find yourself in an ancient Chinese street where all the components are accurately restored and inspire the motives of past centuries. There is also the opportunity to try the national Chinese sweets and your favorite, buy home. Entrance to the selling areas is free.
Reviews of Tianjin
The Italian quarter, so eagerly advised by local residents to visit, does not cause positive emotions among tourists and is perceived as an unsuccessful attempt to recreate a piece of a European country.
But the atmosphere of the city, as noted by travelers, resembles the familiar Europe, with its narrow streets and small beautiful buildings, monuments to outstanding personalities, diluted with tall Chinese skyscrapers and bright signs with hieroglyphs.
Former concessions introduce non-standard, atypical for China motives into architecture. One day to visit the city is not enough, although more often tourists either do not know about it at all, or leave it on the last day of their vacation.
Tianjin becomes especially beautiful with the inclusion of the first evening lights. Gorgeous illumination is not the largest in China, but it impresses with its scope. The bridge across the river with the ferris wheel mounted in the middle looks especially impressive.
Many people mention in their stories about the city the embankment - built on one of the most beautiful projects in the whole world.
Tianjin is a large metropolis on the map of China, located along the Haihe River. You can get to it by all means of transport, including water, but the most convenient is the high-speed train connecting it to Beijing. It is not as noisy as Shanghai, and not as sprawling as Hong Kong, but has its own unique attractions and interesting places. Shopaholics, supporters of Chinese culture, and lovers of modernity will find something to do here. The transport system allows you to quickly and unhindered to get anywhere in the city, which makes the journey easy and relaxed.
Ancient sights of Tianjin and the surrounding area
The last Chinese imperial Qing dynasty ruled the country from the second half of the 17th century. until the beginning of the twentieth century. Numerous architectural monuments of the city belong to this era.
For example, the complex of tombs of the emperor of the Qing Dynasty in Tsunhua near Tianjin. You can go there as part of an organized tour, or on your own. Tombs are the best preserved in the Celestial burial complex. In the tombs lie five emperors, 15 empresses and more than 130 concubines. The complex extends over an area of 80 square meters. km In the center is the burial place of Emperor Shunzhi - the first representative of the ruling Qing Dynasty. He died in 1661 and his mausoleum is called Xiaolin. It contains several stone structures: arches, east and west steles, the great palace gates, a hall for changing clothes, a pavilion of divine merit, several bridges of arched construction. The palace part of the mausoleum is a huge complex of rooms. The burial place of Emperor Kangxi, on the contrary, looks very modest and ascetic, despite the fact that he was one of the greatest people of his time.
The first Dagu fortress in the urban area of Tangu is much older. It was built in the Jiajing era, dating to the middle of the XVI century. The representative of the then ruling Ming Dynasty, Zhu Houcong, was worried about security - more than once foreign invaders appeared on the borders of Tianjin and it became increasingly difficult to defend the city. Later, during the Opium Wars that rocked the Middle Kingdom in the 19th century, another five large forts and two dozen small forts were built. In 1900, after the end of the battle for Dagu, an international coalition entered China. Almost all fortifications were dismantled at this time, and today you can see only the two remaining fortresses. The one on the southern bank of the Haihe River is accessible to tourists.
Achievements of modern civilization
The inexorably growing Tianjin boasts many modern buildings that are already on the list of the most unique not only in China, but throughout Southeast Asia:
- The ferris wheel on the Yongle Bridge, thrown across the Haihe River, is traditionally called the "eye." The Tianjin eye is the only attraction of its kind in the world, installed at the crossing, and its size inspires respect. The height of the structure reaches 120 meters, and the diameter of the "eye" is more than 110 meters. At the time of construction in 2007, the Tianjin attraction occupied the fourth line of the ranking in height among similar ones on the planet. More than 380 people can simultaneously accommodate in 48 capsules of the Ferris wheel, and the attraction makes a full revolution in an hour and a half - the event is not for the faint of heart!
- The TV tower appeared in Tianjin in 1991 and immediately won the love of the townspeople thanks to the revolving restaurant. Its tables “hover” at an altitude of 257 m. However, the gastronomic institution traditional for buildings of this kind is not the only thing that is of interest to tourists on the tower. At the top there is also an observation deck, functioning, however, in a limited mode.
- Another miracle of modern Chinese architecture is an ultra-high skyscraper, ready to eclipse all other high-rise buildings of the Celestial Empire, except for the Shanghai Tower. The new building is called Goldin Finances 117, and, as you might guess, the building has 117 floors. The skyscraper is under construction, but its scale is already impressive. The height of Goldin Finance 117 upon completion of all work will be 597 m.
Travelers will be able to see the city from a height of 308 meters by climbing to the observation platform of another record holder - the Tianjin World Financial Center. Before the appearance of Goldin Finance 117 in the city, the financial skyscraper was the first in the ranking of the highest buildings of the city. It differs from other buildings in a translucent facade. In the Jin Tower, as the locals call the skyscraper, for the first time in the city, two-story elevators were installed.
Places of worship
There are several temples in Tianjin that are worth seeing during a sightseeing tour. Surprisingly, this list contains not only traditional Buddhist religious buildings for the Celestial Empire:
- St. Joseph's Cathedral, for example, the Catholic Church. Its construction began in 1913 after the formation of the Apostolic Vicariate of Coastal Zhili. The temple was erected on the territory of the French concession, and after completion of the work, the department of the bishop was transferred there. The cathedral suffered several times from the elements and barbarians, but was restored again. Since the 90s. of the last century is included in the list of protected architectural objects of the city.
- The Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary the Victorious is half a century older. It was first built in 1861 for the religious needs of the French living in Tianjin, but nine years later the church was burned during the riots and persecution of Christians. The cathedral was rebuilt at the end of the 19th century, but soon it was again destroyed by the participants of the Ihetuan uprising. The church acquired its current form in 1904 and for another decade it was a cathedral.
- Among the typical Chinese temple buildings, the Dabeiyuan in Tianjin is one of the most revered. Chan-Buddhist monastery complex was founded in the middle of the XVII century. On the territory of the complex you will find the Shakyamuni Temple, where the relics of Xuanzan, the translator, traveler and philosopher of the Tang Dynasty, were stored earlier. Now, several hundred sculptural images of the Buddha are exhibited in the walls of the temple. Dabeiyuan is located near the Tianjin Main Railway Station and you can go on an excursion there, leaving things in a luggage room.
On Guwenhua Jie Street, which is called the historic landmark of the city, you will see the Queen of Heaven Palace. This temple is dedicated to the sea goddess Mazu. It was built in 1326, but subsequently was repeatedly reconstructed. In the temple they prayed for safe sea voyages and met sailors who returned home. Today, the Queen of Heaven Palace hosts Masuu's birthday exhibitions of flowers.
Useful information for shoppers: Guwenhua Jie Street has many shops and souvenir shops where you can buy traditional goods and gifts for family and friends.
Museums in Tianjin
If you like to get to know the city by exploring museum exhibits, head to the largest museum in Tianjin. It is in it that a collection of objects is collected that most fully illustrates the history of the city, region, and the whole Celestial Empire. The Tianjin Museum is located in a building whose architecture is very unusual: the building resembles a large bird spreading its wings. In the halls of the museum exhibited more than two hundred thousand exhibits dedicated to various historical periods. Original documents and coins, ancient maps and jade products, bronze figurines and paintings, calligraphy and silk embroidery designs - all this in the best way creates an idea of Chinese culture from a European visitor.
The Porcelian House (Porcelain House) contains both modern ceramics and antique porcelain. It is known that the first solid porcelain appeared in the Middle Kingdom during the reign of the Yuan Dynasty, which came from Mongolia at the end of the 13th century. For the first few centuries, China was the only country in the world that produced china and decorative items and delivered them to Europe and the Middle East. In the Porcelain House you can look at unique exhibits, but the building itself, within the walls of which the collection is exhibited, is of undoubted interest. The walls of the colonial mansion are inlaid with thousands of porcelain tiles and fragments.