Bordeaux is a port city in France, the center of the wine region, which is reflected in its attractions. Here you can see magnificent bridges, monuments and museums related to winemaking. The history and architecture of the city, reflected in its towers, churches and other structures, deserves special attention.
This is the name of the Garonne Bend and the historical center of Bordeaux. This is a whole complex of attractions:
- Exchange Square with the Hotel de Ferm, the Exchange building, the Water Mirror and the Fountain of the Three Graces fountains,
- Basilica of St. Michael of the 14-16th century,
- The great bell of Bordeaux of the 15th century,
- Cayo Gate of the 15th century,
- St. Andrew's Cathedral (Saint-Andre) of the 15th century,
- Rogan's palace, where the city hall is located,
- St. Catherine Street is the longest pedestrian street in Europe,
- The Bolshoi Theatre,
- Amphitheater of Bordeaux - the ruins of a grandiose construction of the 2nd century.
Once there was the main trading port of the city, but today only entertainment boats moor. The port of the Moon is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This place is considered one of the symbols of the city. The square is located near the Garonne embankment. Its construction began in the first half of the 18th century. Previously, it was called the Royal, and in the center stood a statue of Louis the 15th on a horse. The square received a new name during the revolution, and the Statue of the King was replaced by the Freedom Tree.
The architectural performance of the square is noteworthy, the buildings in it are in the Baroque style, which today houses the Exchange Palace and the Customs Museum. The collection of the latter contains almost 12 thousand exhibits reflecting the maritime and commercial life of Bordeaux of past centuries.
One of the attractions of the square is the “Fountain of the Three Graces” (three daughters of Zeus). This is a project of Louis Visconti, embodied here back in 1869.
Another attraction of the square is the Water Mirror fountain. It appeared only in 2006. This is a huge flat area with a five-centimeter layer of water. Periodically, it is sprayed with nozzles, providing fog over the area.
Basilica of St. Michael (Saint-Michel)
This is one of the highest churches in the country. Its bell tower was built in the 15th century, and its height is 114 m. The main part of the temple itself was built in the 14-16th century, but construction continued even in the 19th century.
The Basilica of St. Michael is a magnificent building in the style of flaming Gothic. It is richly decorated with skillful carvings that give the temple airiness. The bell tower stands separately - its spire is visible from afar.
Inside, the temple looks spacious, which is provided by rounded arches and soft lines of arches. The church is three-nave, has 3 semicircular apse, 17 chapels. There is a mahogany pulpit of the 18th century, decorated with marble panels, another religious decoration, ancient paintings. The statue of the archangel Michael is noteworthy.
The Great Bell of Bordeaux (Gross Cloche Tower)
This object is also called the Great Bell Gate or the Gate of Saint Eligius. These city gates were built in the 90s of the 15th century and have a gate bell tower of the same period.
The height of the structure is 40 m. These are two towers connected by a high bell tower. They are crowned with conical domes. The top of the bell tower is decorated with a gilded decorative weather vane leopard.
The bell tower used to be an alarm bell. By the signal of the bell, people learned that it was time to start harvesting grapes, about fires and other emergency situations. The bell also rang on special occasions.
Cayo Gate (Palace Gate)
This city gate was also built in the 90s of the 15th century. Gothic architecture with the transition to the Renaissance is taken as the basis, the height of the structure is 35 m. It consists of two towers connected into one, the top part is crowned with 3 conical pointed peaked towers. Above them rises an elegant bell tower.
Earlier gates were surrounded by curtains, allowing you to control the entrance to the city. The site with the masonry of the fortress wall and traces of a circular staircase has been preserved.
The gate decor is noteworthy: a bas-relief on the western facade (two angels support the coat of arms with royal lilies), three statues in honor of the victory on the eastern facade, a sculpture of the king in the center of the opening (a stone copy, the original made of white marble was destroyed after the revolution).
Cathedral of St. Andrew the First-Called
This is the main Christian shrine of the city. Previously, there were early Christian temples that were rebuilt many times. The cathedral acquired the modern Gothic look in the 12-16th century.
The northern portal of the temple is noteworthy. His tympanum is represented by three levels with images of the Last Supper, the ascension of Christ among the 12 apostles, God the Father with the features of Christ on a throne between angels.
Both the facade and the interior of the cathedral are striking in their splendor and colossal. Inside, there is a rich collection of works of art - paintings of the 14-17th century, sculptures of the 14-20th century. Astronomical clocks created at the end of the 18th century are noteworthy.
It is located on the eponymous square, named as part of the archbishop. It was he who began the construction of the tower - the bell tower of the Cathedral of St. Andrew. Its height is 66 m, and the spire is crowned with a gilded figure of the Virgin Mary with a baby.
The main style of the bell tower building is flaming Gothic. It is richly decorated with carvings and elements stylized as flames. The spire is surrounded by a terrace, which is an excellent panoramic platform. You can get here by breaking 230 steps.
The bell was installed in 1869. It weighs 8 tons. Vibrations from its sound can have a destructive effect, so the bell tower is separate from the main structure.
Located in Pé-Berlan Square. Today this building is occupied by the Bordeaux City Hall. It was built in the second half of the 18th century and used to be an episcopal palace. De Rogan was the confessor of Empress Josephine.
Throughout its history, the palace served various purposes; the city hall housed in it in 1835. The building is surrounded by the city hall quarter. The palace park was established in the 19th century, its office space is occupied by the Museum of Fine Arts.
Amphitheater of Bordeaux
This place is also called the Gallic Palace or the Gallien Palace. It was a magnificent amphitheater built in the 2nd century. It accommodated 15 thousand spectators. Today, only ruins remained from the former splendor - the only surviving building of Bourdigal, the Gallo-Roman predecessor of Bordeaux.
The dimensions of the amphitheater arena were 70x47 m, the entire building - 130x110 m. For the construction, bricks and stones were used, the floors were wooden.
Victory Square and the Aquitaine Gate
Victory Square is connected to Comedy Square by the lively pedestrian St. Catherine Street: 1.3 km long, with many retail outlets. One end of the street abuts against the Bolshoi Theater, the other into the Aquitaine Gate. This triumphal arch appeared in the middle of the 18th century instead of the medieval city gate.
Opposite the Aquitaine Gate there is a 16-meter obelisk in honor of winemaking. This is a pink stone column of an unusual shape, decorated with carved images and bunches of grapes from bronze. The column weighs almost 50 tons. Nearby are two bronze turtles - large and small. On their shells there is an engraving - the names of Bordeaux wines.
This place is considered a historical monument since the middle of the last century. The object was built in 1760, then it was called the Royal Market Square, and after the French Revolution it became Freedom Square.
The center of the square is a fountain. These are figures of nymphs and mascarons on a pedestal with a gilded base of limestone slabs. Around the fountain are mansions of the early 18th century - facades with mascarons, stucco molding, wrought-iron balustrades.
Pont de Pierre Bridge
It is also called the Stone Bridge. It connects the banks of the Garonne, the new and old quarters of the city.
They built the bridge in the early 19th century on the orders of Napoleon. Due to the rapid flow of the river, the construction was very dangerous; a diving bell was used for underwater work.
The bridge includes 17 arched spans - the number of letters in Bonaparte's name. Each support of the structure is decorated with a medallion with the profile of the emperor, and some also with the coat of arms of the city. The length of the bridge is almost half a kilometer.
The Pont de Pierre bridge is especially beautiful in the evening and at night, when a huge number of spotlights illuminate it. This place is worth a visit for a great view of the river and the city.
They were built in the middle of the 18th century. This gate is often called the Arc de Triomphe or Gateway of the saltworks. Other sights of the city are located nearby: Stone Bridge, Victor Hugo Square, Richelieu Embankment and St. Andrew Cathedral.
The gate is a classic triumphal arch. These are two Doric columns on each side, minimal decor. Earlier on both sides of the gate were smaller arches, but at the beginning of the 19th century they were demolished.
This largest square in the country and the main square in the city appeared in the 19th century. Before, there was Trompett Castle, built in the 15th century.
Kinkons Square descends to the Garonne River. Near the embankment there are two rostral columns - excellent examples of neoclassicism. One column is dedicated to navigation, the second to trade. Opposite them is a monument to the Girondins - a column 43 meters high with a pool at the foot. White marble monumental statues of Montaigne and Montesquieu are also noteworthy.
Kinkons Square is the venue for many concerts, carnivals and other recreational activities. The first 3 weeks of March and from the second week of October to the end of the fair are held here.
Bolshoi Theater (Le Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux)
Located on Comedy Square. The opening of the institution took place in April 1780 with the premiere of "Afalia" (Jean-Baptiste Racine). The building has a neoclassical facade, a portico with 12 colossal columns in the Corinthian style, supporting entablature with 12 statues, symbolizing 9 muses and 3 goddesses (Venus, Minerva, Juno).
The theater hall is designed for a thousand spectators. Its interior is decorated in gold, white and blue. Today it houses the Bordeaux National Opera and the Bordeaux National Ballet.
The architectural performance and interior design of the Bolshoi Theater provides him with the title of one of the most beautiful theaters in France.
Church of Our Lady
The temple was built in the early 18th century, but received its modern name only a century later. It was formerly called the Church of St. Dominic, since it belonged to the Order of the Dominicans. At the end of the 18th century, revolutionaries called the temple the sanctuary of the Great Mind.
The construction is an excellent example of Baroque architecture. This is a rich relief decoration of the facade, sculptures, medallions, Corinthian columns, a stained glass window depicting the Virgin.
The interior of the church is also noteworthy: an altar made of different types of marble, a wrought-iron fence of choirs, gilded bas-reliefs with scenes of the ascension of Christ and the Virgin Mary, frescoes of the 19th century with scenes from the life of the Virgin. There are also paintings of the 18th century and an organ of the same period.
Church of St. Peter
The temple is located between the embankments of Richelieu and the Customs. Previously, there was another sanctuary dedicated to the Apostle Peter and built in the 6th century. In the 12th century, it was already a full-fledged parish - one of the oldest in the city.
The modern building was built in the 14-15th century, and in the 19th century a large-scale reconstruction was carried out, leaving only the western facade. It attracts with its elegance and symmetry of Gothic windows.
Little remains of the previous interior decoration. A baroque altar and a sculptural group of 17th-century wood, which is part of another altar in the choirs, have survived. To the left of the bell tower there is a small chapel where the painting of 1664 "St. Peter receives the keys to heaven" is stored. The huge stained glass windows in the choirs dedicated to the life of the patron saint of the church are also noteworthy.
It was built in the second half of the 19th century. The building was badly damaged during the Second World War, after which it was reconstructed. A prison was organized here during the war. From it, Jews went to concentration camps, including the infamous Auschwitz and Dachau. More than 1.5 thousand families were affected. A memorial plaque near the synagogue recalls the tragic events of that period.
For the construction of the building, a metal frame was used. In its appearance, neo-Gothic and oriental style were mixed, the ceilings were painted by Duran, the author of the ceiling painting of the Louvre.
Museum "Wine City"
Located on the Garonne embankment near the new bridge. The museum primarily attracts tourists with its original architecture of a modern building. It covers an area of 3000 square meters. m, on which there are almost 20 thematic sections.
The museum opened in the summer of 2016. This unusual structure is a combination of metal and glass and resembles a decanter (decanter for draining and serving wine).
In the museum you can learn about the wines not only of Bordeaux, but of the whole world. At the end of the tour, visitors are treated to wine and children to juice.
Jacques Shaban-Delma Bridge
Built in 2013 on the Garonne. The bridge is adjustable and has a vertical lifting mechanism. It is bred for the passage of ships into the city harbor several times a day. The elevator rises to a height of 50 m.
The Jacques Chaban-Delma bridge is the longest bridge with a vertical elevator in Europe. There are 2 lanes for transport and 2 mounted sidewalks for pedestrians and cyclists. There are 2 towers on each side as elevator supports. Each has a spiral staircase.
A list of the main attractions of Bordeaux will allow you to make the best tourist route without missing especially interesting objects. This city attracts with its architectural appearance, the Gothic style is especially revealed here.
Interesting places Bordeaux
The site contains Bordeaux attractions - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Bordeaux, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Bordeaux.
Saint Paul's Cathedral
In the picturesque city of Bordeaux, there are a dozen attractions. One of them is St. Peter's Church. The temple was built in the XIX century, on the spot where in the XVII century the old church stood.
The architecture of the temple is made in the Gothic style, which encloses in the central portal three arches with wonderful sculptures. Among them are winged angels, prophets and garlands of leaves.
The interior of the church is very rich and consists of beautiful stained glass windows of the 19th century, statues of the 17th century and many ancient icons. The central window is decorated with the Virgin and the Assumption. Of great interest is the choir and its unusual complex with ribbed arches.
Among other things, three chapels deserve special attention: the left is decorated with a gilded wooden statue of St. Paul, the right - placed a bust of God the Father and a statue of St. Peter. And the chapel of the font provides an opportunity to admire the painting of Pierre de Nantac.
The terminal is located in close proximity to the motorway, which makes transport links with the city and the entire province of Aquitaine quick and convenient. The airport building is divided into 2 halls: Hall A and Hall B. The airport halls are equipped with additional racks for people with disabilities.
It has developed transport infrastructure and communication between the city and the airport is provided by almost all types of transport: bus, taxi, car rental and even motorbikes.Airport management also provides the possibility of renting special vehicles for people with disabilities. A special bus route takes you directly to Bordeaux Train Station. A bus leaves every 45 minutes and costs 8 euros. Travel time is approximately 30-40 minutes.
There are 6 cafes, 12 shops, a bank, 2 currency exchange points, a post office and free wireless Internet access at the airport. There are several hotels within 1.5 km of the airport building.
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St. Andrew's Cathedral
The most bewitching cathedral in Bordeaux is the Cathedral of St. Andrew the First-Called. The temple was built over five centuries, which greatly affected its architecture.
The cathedral is a one-nave temple in the Gothic style, with two symmetrically located towers. The height of the towers reaches about 81 meters. A distinctive feature of the cathedral is the location of its entrance: in contrast to Christian churches, whose entrance is in the west, it is located on the north side.
The northern facade is decorated with the Royal Portal, which depicts the Last Judgment, and in the eastern part of the temple there is a choir. A roundabout gallery opens up five chapels that are decorated with reliefs depicting Bible scenes.
Inside the temple has a special place painting of the XIV-XVII century, a sculpture of the beginning of the XIV-XVI century. Special attention deserves a modern organ. Since 1998, the Cathedral of St. Andrew the First-Called has been added to the UNESCO World Heritage List as a shrine to the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela.
At the moment, after many reconstructions and repairs, the cathedral, as before, collects a huge number of both pilgrims and ordinary tourists.
In photo mode, you can view the sights in Bordeaux only by photos.
Bordeaux forest is a medium-sized artificial forest, which is located on the shores of Lake Bordeaux in the city of France of the same name. It was planted in 1975. On its territory there are a wide variety of trees - from chestnut to spruce. Especially for children aged 2 to 12 years, a playground was built here, and for lovers of health and morning jogging, treadmills made of sand and gravel are laid out.
The highlight of the original nature monument is the Floral Park, located near its sites. It was created in the 90s during the International Flower Exhibition in Bordeaux. The park features 11 gardens of the world, and hiking paths are decorated with a wide variety of flowers, including 65 varieties of peonies, 180 varieties of iris and 150 varieties of rhododendrons.
Compans-Caffarelli Japanese Garden
Compans-Caffarelli Japanese Garden is located in the Compans-Caffarelli city park of Toulouse. Japan in miniature on French soil: here are presented with a detailed study of all the features characteristic of the gardens of the land of the rising sun.
Several types of sakura, bamboo, small ponds, in particular, in the park, the lake symbolizes the sea, arbors, stone waterfall, the originality of trimmed tree crowns, and of course, the dragon, in the park it is made of iron and reaches a height of about three meters - all this splendor takes more than 3000 meters, and is a kind of oasis of a business city.
Noteworthy are the small wooden bridges that are located throughout the garden, crossing through which you find yourself in a certain island of the garden - an elevated hill, or on a platform for admiring the moon.
In addition to the garden, the park as a whole is an excellent area for family vacations and a picnic; wedding photo shoots are also often held here.
Vinotherapy center “Sources of Kodali”
The Kodali Sources Vinotherapy Center is located near Bordeaux (a 15-minute drive) among the Chateau Smith Haut Lafitte vineyards. Bordeaux is the oldest city in France, spread out on the banks of the Garonne River. The Vinotherapy Center was opened in 1999 and since then has not lost its good reputation. In addition, this is not only a health center - it is a true health and relaxation center with a large selection of unique programs.
The Kodali Sources Center offers a range of unique health and beauty programs based on wine therapy, for example: grape therapy, balneotherapy (jet shower with mineral water, underwater massage in the pool with mineral water, baths with vines made from vines, Barrick bath - squeezed bath from freshly grape grapes and vegetable oils, massage using grape seed oil, lymphatic drainage, reflexology, anti-cellulite massage). Cosmetic procedures. In your free time, you can order excursion programs: a tour of Bordeaux, a visit to famous wineries, a visit to the Planet Bordeaux Museum, a trip to the Atlantic coast to the resort town of Arcachon.
Cayo Gate, better known as the Palace Gate, is a national monument. They are located on the street of the same name, on the eastern side of the Cathedral of St. Andrew the First-Called. The construction of the gate was conceived to protect the palace, and they also appeared as a triumphal arch, in honor of the victory of King Charles VIII during the Italian Wars.
Today, the gates are a decoration of the city, which tourists willingly come to see. The architecture of the Palace Gate is very interesting and original. This is the architecture of the Gothic style with an admixture of elements of the Renaissance.
The facade of the gate is crowned with medallions, mounted loopholes and dormers. Pointed turrets make a special impression, which together with the spire reach a height of 35 meters. Due to damage to the facade, its bas-reliefs were restored in 1822 and transferred to the Aquitaine Museum for conservation.
The Oyster Museum is located in the small Mediterranean fishing village of Buzig, in France. It gives visitors a wonderful opportunity to get acquainted with the principle of work of the so-called "farmers of the sea" - fishermen. Visitors can observe their work and fishing, learn how to open oysters and, of course, taste them.
In 1981, the locals adopted the idea of preserving traditional tools for working with shellfish. An exhibition of these tools was presented on a temporary basis in the rural house of the village of Buzig. The exhibition was successful and the collection began to expand over time and became a permanent exhibition. Thus, already in 1991, the Oyster Museum on a regular basis opened its doors to visitors who can observe the work and fishing of local fishermen for various shellfish and fish.
The museum is divided into three parts that can be visited. This is the “Clam House”, “Fisherman's Shop” and “Aquarium”. Also, to the attention of visitors - a master class on opening oysters and tasting.
The most popular attractions in Bordeaux with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places of Bordeaux on our website.
1. The port of the moon
The Port of the Moon is an allegorical name for the architectural ensemble of the historical center of Bordeaux, which is located by the Garonne River (Gironde). The picturesque buildings in the classical style are located in a semicircle on its banks. The complex of facilities includes: the town hall building, the Grand Theater, the Place de la Bourse, Saint-Catherine, the Cayo Gate and the Hotel Labotier. The port of the moon has played an important strategic role since the time of the Roman Empire.
3. Parliament Square
A small square in the Italian style, located near the cathedral of Bordeaux. Most of the magnificent mansions surrounding the square were erected in the 18th century. In the central part is the fountain of the Parliament of 1865 in the architectural style of the Neo-Renaissance, established thanks to the efforts of G.-A. Brochon - one of the mayors of Bordeaux. Parliament Square is a historical monument of France.
5. Bolshoi Theater
The magnificent building of the Grand Theater was erected in a classical style on the site where the Roman temple was located in the ancient era. Perhaps this fact ultimately influenced the choice of the appearance of the building. The facade of the theater corresponds to the canons of the ancient Corinthian order, the portico is complemented by statues of the goddesses of the Roman pantheon. For the construction was invited by the architect W. Louis. Since the 18th century, the theater scene of Bordeaux has been the center of the cultural life of the city.
6. Rogan Palace
Previously, the palace served as the residence of the Archbishop of Bordeaux - F.M. de Rogan. The complex was erected in the 18th century under the guidance of guest architect V. Louis, who also worked on the project of the Grand Theater of Bordeaux. The building changed owners several times. During the revolution, the tribunal was located here, during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte - the imperial palace, since 1835 the building has been the mayor's office of Bordeaux and the museum.
7. Cathedral of Saint Andre
Bordeaux Cathedral dedicated to St. Andrew (in the Orthodox tradition, he is known as St. Andrew the First-Called). The building was erected in the XI century on the site of the destroyed temple of the IX century. Over the long period of its existence, the cathedral survived several redevelopments of the interior space and facade updates. With each new reconstruction, its appearance gradually changed, while maintaining the standard Gothic features.
9. Basilica of St. Michael
The temple is located on Menard Square, which is located near the Pont du Pierre bridge. The church building was erected in the XV-XVI centuries according to the project of J. Loeb. The temple was built in an elegant architectural manner, known as the "flaming Gothic." The bell tower of the basilica is located at some distance from the main building. The bell tower reaches almost 115 meters in length, making it one of the tallest temple buildings in the world.
10. Notre Dame Church in Bordeaux
An expressive baroque church, erected at the very beginning of the XVIII century. The building has a very magnificent and pompous facade with an abundance of decorative finishes, decorated with sculptures and bas-reliefs. An image of the Virgin Mary is placed on a figured window stained-glass window. The interior spaces are interconnected using arched galleries. The walls of the church are painted with elaborate frescoes of the 18th-19th centuries.
12. Aquitaine Museum
In the 18th century, the Museum of Stone Sculpture was founded in Bordeaux, where the artifacts of the Roman Empire period found in the vicinity were stored. From 1962-63 he became a regional museum of ethnography, archeology and history. In its modern form, the collection has existed since 1987. The exposition covers a fairly extensive historical period, about 5 thousand exhibits are placed on 5 thousand m².
13. Gross Cloche Tower
In the Middle Ages, the tower was part of the Bordeaux urban fortification system. It is believed that the building was erected in the XV century on the site of the destroyed gate. The image of Gross Cloche is present on the city coat of arms and is a symbol of Bordeaux. The building acquired a modern look in the 18th century, when two side towers acquired conical roofs. The northern facade is decorated with figures of fabulous gargoyles, in the central part there is a dial of astronomical clocks.
15. St. Catherine Street
A street with a length of about 1.3 km., On which there are more than 200 different shops. It can be safely called the main trading artery of Bordeaux. Since the 70s. XX century, the alley became a pedestrian, which further increased tourist traffic. In addition to shops, there are several historical attractions, among them - the Gothic cross on the site of an old cemetery and the church of St. Simeon, built in the XIV century.
16. Submarine Base
The base was laid before the start of World War II by agreement with Hitler, when the Italian navy was deployed in this area. Italian and German submarines were based here. The place was reliably protected from the bombing, so the ships practically did not suffer during air raids. Today, an exhibition center is located on the territory of the gloomy concrete docks of the former base.
18. Bridge Pont de Pierre
The 19th century old bridge across the Garonne, designed by C. Deschampo. The customer was Napoleon Bonaparte himself. The design is a series of arched spans in the style of ancient Roman bridges. The supports are decorated with medallions, which depict the profile of Napoleon. In the evening, the Pont de Pierre is illuminated with a system of spotlights, which gives it a very romantic look.
19. The Garonne River
The river originates in the central part of the Pyrenees and flows into the Bay of Biscay. The total length of the channel is 647 km. The Garonne is an important navigable artery of France, it has several hydroelectric power stations and reservoirs. The river flows through the cities of Toulouse, Bordeaux and Agen. With an enviable frequency, it is bottled, which is why problems arise in the settlements located on the banks.
20. Wine tours and excursions in Bordeaux
Bordeaux is the oldest wine-growing region in France, where, according to traditional technologies, drinks of the best quality are produced. Local (and not only) travel companies offer a huge number of interesting wine and gastronomic excursions, during which tourists visit vineyards, factories, wine cellars, taste different varieties and learn to distinguish one wine from another.