54 materials on 50 objects, 49 photos
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City of Nitra (Slovakia)
Nitra is the oldest city in Slovakia and the fourth most populous. This is the most important center of the western part of the country with magnificent monuments of the past, including a castle and several ancient churches. Nitra is one of the most beautiful historical cities of Slovakia, which attracts tourists with its attractions, wonderful atmosphere and rich cultural life. The city is home to two universities and has a large student population.
Geography and climate
Nitra is located in the west of Slovakia, 90 km from Bratislava. The city is located on the banks of the river of the same name at the foot of the Tribeca Mountains. Nitra has a temperate continental climate with warm summers and cool winters.
Panorama of Nitra
- The population is about 80 thousand people.
- Area - 100.48 km 2.
- The language is Slovak.
- Currency is Euro.
- The visa is Schengen.
- Time is Central European (UTC +1, summer +2).
- It is most convenient to get to Nitra by bus.
The Slavs came here in the 5th century. It was in the vicinity of Nitra that the first Slavic settlements were founded on the territory of the future Slovakia. In the 7th century, these lands were included in the state of Samo, and later - the Principality of Nitra, which, in turn, was absorbed by Great Moravia. The first mention of Nitra dates from 828.
After the collapse of Great Moravia, Nitra was incorporated into the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1248, the privileges of the free royal city were granted to the settlement, which were lost in 1288. In 1271-1272, Nitra was damaged in the wars with the Czech Republic. In the 15th century, the city became the object of attacks by the Hussites. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Nitra was besieged several times by the Ottoman Empire. In 1708, the city was damaged during the rebellion against the Habsburgs and was later renovated in the Baroque style.
Nitran Castle is the main attraction of the city, located on a hill 15 minutes walk from the historic center. This magnificent ancient building, built in the 11th century on the site of a huge Slavic fortress. The Nitran Castle is one of the most important historical places in Slovakia, which was the center of the ancient Slavic states: the Principality of Nitran and Great Moravia. Its core is the cathedral with the residence of bishops.
Cathedral of St. Emeram
Cathedral of St. Emerama - the architectural dominant of the castle, which arose as a result of the combination of three structures: the church of the 11th century, the original Gothic upper church of the 14th century and the lower church of the 17th century. The oldest surviving part of the cathedral is the Romanesque church, which, according to recent archaeological research, dates back to the 9th century. The original Gothic palace of the bishops, standing next to these sacred buildings, was rebuilt in the late Baroque style in the second half of the 18th century. The appearance of the Episcopal Cathedral, as we know it now, dates from the period between 1710-1736. The interior, for the most part, also dates back to the 18th century. In addition, external fortifications near the oldest parts of the Romanesque period have been preserved here.
The Mariana Column is an 18th-century baroque sculptural composition located on the southern slope of the Nitran Castle.
Church of the Visitation
Church of the Visitation - a 19th century episcopal three-nave church in the neo-Gothic style.
Franciscan Monastery with the Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul
The Franciscan monastery with the Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul is one of the architectural dominants of the Upper City in Nitra. It was built between 1624 - 1634 years.
Church of st. Peter and Paul with a high tower was rebuilt in the Baroque style in the 18th century. Its interior is decorated with 33 oak sculptures that “tell” about the life of St. Francis - the founder of the order.
PR monastery - a religious building of the same name with the baroque church of St. Ladislava, built in the 18th century.
The Protestant Church is a Calvinist one-nave church built in the early 20th century.
Church of the Archangel Michael
The Church of the Archangel Michael is a Romanesque religious building built at the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries. The church is located on a rocky hill in the town of Dražovce (near Nitra).
Photo with a description of the attractions
The village of Taman is small, but there is also something to see and where to go. We will get acquainted with the most popular places for tourists in the city.
Having visited the ethnographic complex “Ataman”, tourists plunge into the Cossack culture, life and history. The exhibition museum is in the open. On its vast territory there is an opportunity to participate in master classes and see ancient rites.
- Address: Art. Taman, st. Lebedeva, house 102.
- Operation mode: daily, in October 9: 00-18: 00, in May and September 9: 00-19: 00, in June, July and August 9: 00-20: 00.
- Ticket price: adult - 400 rubles; children - 200 rubles.
Lermontov House Museum
In the house-museum of M.Yu. Lermontov's arrived guests will see expositions dedicated to the history of Taman land, archaeological excavations, Cossack life of the second half of the 19th century, and paintings of Lermontov himself. Another exposure serves a peculiar description of the stay M.Yu. Lermontov in Taman.
- Address: Art. Taman, st. Karl Marx, d. 100.
- Operation mode: Mon - closed, Tue-Sun 9: 00-17: 00.
- Ticket price: adult - 100 rubles, preschoolers - 20 rubles, schoolchildren - 60 rubles, students - 80 rubles.
Monument to the Cossacks
Not far from the Lermontov Museum, in the square of Anton Golovaty, there is a monument to Cossack migrants. It was erected in honor of the first Cossacks, who, under the leadership of Savva Bely, landed on the Taman Peninsula in 1792, after which they began to inhabit these lands. In 2011, the monument noted centenary.
Turkish fountain or, as it is also called, well in the form of a small house built at the time when Taman belonged to the Ottoman Empire. Arrived guests must definitely try the water from the source - a kind of earthen dew. It is very tasty, fresh and includes silver in its composition.
Address: Art. Taman, st. Karl Marx, d. 106.
Mud active volcano Tizdar located on the shore of the Sea of Azov. Swim in the volcanic crater will be not only exciting and fun, but also useful, since the mud has healing properties. The price also includes a visit to the Ark zoo, where children and adults can see ostriches, wolves, peacocks and other birds and animals.
- Address: Krasnodar Territory, Temryuk District, pos. For the Motherland, st. Factory, d. 3.
- Operation mode: daily from May to September 9: 00-20: 00.
- Ticket price: 700 rubles, children under 5 years old - free of charge.
Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin
Another attraction of the Black Sea village is the Church of the Protection of the Holy Virgin, made by in classic style and founded in the late 18th century. After the decree of Empress Catherine II on the settlement of the Taman lands by the Cossacks, it was this shrine that became one of the first stone buildings here. The place is very revered, the icons were such famous personalities as Suvorov and Lermontov.
Address: Art. Taman, per. Kalinina, d. 1.
Tuzlinskaya spit on the map is depicted as a narrow strip of land, on one side of which is the Black Sea, on the other - Azov. In fact, it is a small elongated island, connected to other islets by dams. It is worth to come here to go fishing and soaking on the beautiful beaches away from civilization, as well as admire the Kerch bridge. A tourist can get to the place by car or by ferry.
Wine connoisseurs will be able taste and buy a drink at the factory "Chateau Taman". Here, curious visitors take a guided tour of the workshops of the plant and the territory of the vineyards.
- Address: Taman st. Karl Marx, d.1.
- Registration for the tour is carried out in advance by phone.
- Cost: 290-600 rub. depending on the type of tasting program.
Opposite the factory is a historical place with preserved to this day the ramparts of the fanagoria fortress. The fortress itself, built by Suvorov in 1794, was completely destroyed during the Crimean War. Now on the territory of the attraction are busts of Suvorov and Ushakov, a Russian gun of the 18th century, the chapel of Fedor Ushakov, a commemorative inscription.
Popular natural attraction - the valley of lotuses. This is an amazing place where you can get with an excursion program. By the way, total there are three such places in Russia. This beauty is located near the village of Strelka on the Akhtanizovsky estuary.
Tour cost: 700 rubles for an adult; 600 rubles for a child
Entertainment for children
Main activities for children concentrated in the village of Golubitskaya.
Zoo “Lukomorye” considered the best in the Krasnodar Territory. On a well-kept square with a beautiful landscape, enclosures with a wide variety of animals are installed. On the way you will meet peacocks, bears, a lion, tigers, crocodiles, monkeys and many other animals and birds.
- Address: Art. Golubitskaya, st. Embankment, d.1a.
- Operation mode: daily 10: 00-21: 00.
- Ticket price: adult - 300 rubles, children - 200 rubles, children under 5 years old - free of charge.
“Amazons” Is the largest aquapark on Taman. Directly in the open air, kids have plenty of fun in the pools and ride the slides. Every day there are foam show programs.
- Address: Art. Golubitskaya, st. Kurortnaya, d. 76.
- Operation mode: daily 10: 00-19: 00.
- Ticket price: adult - 750 rubles, children - 450 rubles, children under 3 years old - free of charge.
In the dolphinarium “Nemo” children and adults will get a positive charge by watching the performance of dolphins and fur seals. It is also possible to swim on the back of a friendly animal.
- Address: Art. Golubitskaya, Resort Prospect., 3.
- Operation mode: Mon - closed, Tue-Sun 10: 30-15: 00.
- Ticket price: 800 rubles, children under 5 years old - free of charge.
- Extra paid visiting the exhibition, swimming with dolphins, as well as a joint photo.
Holidays on the Taman Peninsula will work sincere, interesting and intenseand most importantly - with health benefits.