Leeds Center, a pedestrian area known as the Civic Quarter, is famous for its many statues, including figures from the Black Prince and inventor James Watt. The most important sights of the Civil quarter are the Magistrates and the Royal Courts of Leeds, the City Library, the City Gallery. Nearby is the Joseph Priestley Church, as well as the impressive Town Hall, consecrated in 1858 by Queen Victoria. The beautiful Corinthian colonnade adorns its front, dominated by a clock tower almost 100 meters high, and the ornate Victoria Hall is often used for concerts. Another attraction of the quarter is the Lida Civil Hall with towers decorated with owls and the heraldic emblem of the city.
2. Leeds Art Gallery
Leeds Art Gallery is located on Victoria Square. It is a museum with a collection of 20th-century British art that is recognized by the British government as a collection of "national significance." Her visit is a must for art lovers. The gallery has a magnificent collection of works by British artists and includes 750 paintings by J.S. Cotman (1782-1842), as well as the work of Constable and Gainsborough, along with Italian and French masters.
3. The Royal Armory Museum
In 1996, the Royal Armory was opened at the Leeds River Docks, it is a national museum that houses the National Collection of Weapons and Armor. The museum's collection consists of more than 8,500 exhibits in six impressive galleries. The museum covers about 3,000 years of history of armor and weapons from around the world. Key attractions include the Tournament Gallery, which demonstrates the splendor and cruelty of medieval knightly tournaments, the impressive Oriental gallery with many beautiful weapons and armor from Africa and Asia, as well as the collection of weapons and swords used in movies, for example from the Lord of the Rings blockbuster. Add live demos and amazing views, so be sure to visit this museum with a guided tour.
Official website: royalarmouries.org/visit-us/leeds
4. Church of St. John the Evangelist's Church
The most beautiful of most beautiful Leeds churches is St. John's Church in New Brigget. It was erected in 1634, its interior is distinguished by the presence of two naves, as well as the original screen, chairs and kiosks. It is listed on the National Heritage List of England and is under the supervision of the Preservation of Churches. Architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner calls it "the only church in Leeds."
Briggate is one of the pedestrianized main shopping streets in central Leeds and one of the oldest streets, it was laid back in 1207, when the road led to the north side of the Leeds Bridge. The name "Briggate" means "road to the bridge." Leeds is known for its arcades on both sides of Briggate. Modern arcades were built in the 1970s in the southern part of Briggate, but arcades of architectural significance are located at the northern end, this
- Grand Arcade was built by New Briggate Arcade Company Ltd in 1897. It has several small shops.
- The Thorntons Arcade was completed in May 1878 and was designed by Charles Fowler, Leeds architect. William Potts designed a life-size watch that stands above the western exit at Lands Lane.
- Queens Arcade was opened in 1889, named after Queen Victoria. In this arcade there are mainly boutiques with clothes and shoes.
- The Count's Arch was completed in 1903 and is especially large compared to other arcades. Featuring marble floors, sophisticated masonry and elegant iron domes, it forms part of the modern Victoria Quarter complex. The architect was Frank Matcham.
6. Harwood House (Harewood House)
Harwood House, a classic palace designed by architects Robert Adam and John Carr, was built between 1759 and 1771 for the wealthy plantation owner - Baron Harwood.
During a tour of the palace you will find collections of paintings by masters of the Italian Renaissance, family portraits of Reynolds, Hoppner and Lawrence, as well as contemporary art, collected by the baron's family. The palace hosts temporary exhibitions annually. The hotel has restaurants serving gourmet Michelin cuisine. Harwood House's attraction is over 100 acres of gardens, including the Himalayan Garden and its stupa, an educational bird garden, an adventure playground and the historic All Saints Church with its alabaster tombs.
Official website: harewood.org
Guide: Chester Attractions
Leeds was mentioned in 1086 on the Doomsday Book. In 1207, received the status of a market city. With the beginning of the industrial revolution in England, the city experienced a boom: the population grew from 10 thousand at the end of the XVII century to 30 thousand at the end of the XVIII century, reaching 150 thousand in 1840. One of the reasons for this rapid growth was the fact that Leeds turned out to be the center of transport in the north of England. The development of the transport network was accompanied by the organization of navigation on the Ayre River in 1699 (which provided communication with continental Europe), the construction of the Leeds - Liverpool Canal (connection with the West Coast of Great Britain) and the railway in 1848 in 1774-1816. In the nineteenth century, up to half of English exports passed through Leeds.
In addition to the traditional wool and textile production in Leeds, mechanical engineering for the textile industry, the production of dyestuffs, and also the production of steam engines developed in this period. In mining, coal mining was most significant: in 1758, the world's first railroad (first on wooden tracks) connected the center of Leeds with a coal mining region south of the city. Economic development in the late nineteenth / early twentieth centuries led to the emergence of the first important cultural institutions in Leeds, such as the University of Leeds.
After the end of World War II, there was a significant drop in production in those areas that provided Leeds with a boost in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. By 1951, half of the economically active population was engaged in mechanical engineering, by 1971 this number was reduced to one third. To date, only 10% of the population is engaged in industrial production.
In the 1980s, the Conservative government reorganized the management of large cities and allocated money to support the recovery process in lagging areas, primarily in the North of England. This program has led to increased private investment and significant construction in central and southern Leeds. In particular, in 2006, construction began on the La Lumiere skyscraper, which should become the highest building in the UK outside of London. The decline in industrial production as a result was offset by the development of a post-industrial economy. In the 1990s, Leeds became the second center of financial and legal activity in England after London.
In Leeds is the collection of the Royal Armory, which was transferred to Leeds in 1996 from the Tower of London. Other attractions include Kirkstahl Abbey, Harewood House, Tuckey Medical Museum, and Tropical World, one of the largest greenhouses in the UK. The life and work of the sculptor Henry Moore was associated with Leeds, in connection with which a large collection of his sculptures is presented in the Leeds City Gallery and the Yorkshire Sculpture Park. The Leeds City Gallery also contains the largest collection of works by a native of Atkinson Grimshaw.
The birth of the British rock band The Notting Hillbillies took place in Leeds: their first performance took place at the Grove pub in Holbeck on May 31, 1986.
In the early seventies, the municipality of Leeds issued a law limiting the maximum volume level at concerts to 96 decibels. This was due to the fact that most of the rock bands of that time (in particular Black Sabbath) at the concerts were too loud.
There are two universities in Leeds: the University of Leeds (University of Leeds), about 7,500 employees and 32 thousand full-time students, and the City of Leeds (Leeds Metropolitan University), 3,500 employees and 26 thousand full-time students. Leeds' oldest school is the Leeds Grammar School, founded in 1552.
Leeds United is a famous football team founded in 1919. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, they twice won the English Championship and European Cups, but as a result of a financial crash in the early 2000s, they were in the second tier of the English championship. Another Leeds team, Leeds Rhinos, won the British Rugby Championship in 1994. Leeds is also famous for the Headingley Cricket Stadium.
What to see
- Big Roundhea Park, Tropic World and regular Kennel Gardens.
- Take a ride on the world's oldest Middleton Railway from the Moor Station, as well as the picturesque Settle Carlisle branch, which is easily accessible from the Leeds station.
- The Henry Moore Sculpture Center, a stunning monument to one of the city’s favorite sons.
- Haerwood House, one of the first in the list of magnificent mansions in England.
- Temple Newsam House, the pearl of the beginning of the XVI century., With a large park.
- Also visit Cape Bility Brown Manor and a rare livestock farm.
- St. Anne's Cathedral is a modern-style Catholic cathedral.
Arrival, transport and information about Leeds
Leeds Bradford Airport is 8 miles northwest of the city, there is a bus (£ 2) that runs every 30 minutes to the center, or a taxi that costs £ 17-20. National and local subway trains use Leeds Station near City Square, which also houses the Gateway Yorkshire travel agency in Arcade. The bus station occupies an area in the east, behind the Kirkgate Market on Saint Peter’s Street.
Drivers will appreciate the City Center Loop road and the availability of pay-and-place parking. In the Metro Travel Centers at bus stops and train stations, you can find out information about local transport routes, or call Metroline (daily 7.00-22.00). You can purchase bus / train travel tickets or economical one-day family travel tickets.
Accommodation in Leeds
This is a great mix of places to stay, including affordable guesthouses close to the university campus, tons of budget hotel chains, business center hotels and stylish designer hotels. Cheaper housing is located outside the city, in the northwest, in the student area Headingley, where you can get there by bus or taxi.
For short stops and overnight stays at the weekend, contact the special travel agency room reservation line. Rooms at the Clarence Dock student self-catering apartment near the Royal Armory are available every weekend in the summer (mid June – mid September, minimum stay for 2 nights costs £ 48 and £ 21 each night after that).
1). Pension Hotel 42 The Calis - Converted grain mill by the river with large beds in rooms and narrow bathrooms. Lowest prices for smallest studio rooms. Breakfast is not included. Weekend prices start from £ 89 per night,
2). Butlers / Boundary Hotels - The adjoining hotels on the green outskirts of the street offer good accommodation: cozy, traditionally furnished rooms in Butlers and cheaper accommodation in Boundary, not all rooms are comfortable, but all are comfortable, the interior is in IKEA style. Parking. Actual Location: Cardigan Road, Headingley, 1.5 miles northwest,
3). Hotel Glengarth “The best hotel in Woodsley Road, right behind the university, about a mile from the center.” It has a friendly and welcoming atmosphere. The rooms have only everything you need. You can bargain about the price if you stay for a long time. Parking. Actual Location: 162 Woodsley Road,
4). Hotel Malmaison - Perfectly restored rooms in the corporate style of Malmaison - plum and eggplant decor colors, large beds, showers with high water pressure, plus a cafe and bar. Breakfast is not included, weekend pay from £ 99. Actual Location: 1 Swinegate,
5). Hotel Quebecs - The best boutique style rooms in the city, housed in the former Leeds and County Liberal Club. Majestic Victorian oak panels and stained glass have been preserved here, chic rooms with huge beds, puffy pillows and magnificent bathrooms. Breakfast is not included. Weekend prices from £ 75. Limited parking. Actual Location: 9 Quebec Street,
6). Queen’s Hotel - Reconstructed four-star hotel in the Art Deco style, right in front of the station, with a restaurant and parking. Prices are very flexible - even on weekdays you can sometimes get a room for £ 75 (this is much lower than the official price), and on weekends the prices include breakfast. Actual Location: City Square,
7). Hotel Radisson SAS - The former head office of the Leeds Building Society, features chic rooms and suites in high-tech, art deco or contemporary Italian designs. Weekend prices start at £ 89 per room. Actual Location: No. 1 The Light, The Headrow,
8). Hotel Roomzzz - Self catering, apartments with one or two bedrooms, in a modern style. The hotel at Swinegate is closest to the center, others are about a mile east of the center. All have fabulous kitchens, catchy air beds, leather sofas, widescreen TVs and free internet. Reasonable prices for the weekend. Parking. Actual location: 12 Swingate, as well as 2 and 361 Burley Road.
Leeds City (UK)
Leeds is Britain’s third largest city located in Yorkshire. This is one of the largest industrial, commercial and financial centers of Northern England, which is famous for its excellent shopping, a number of interesting museums and art galleries, as well as numerous parks. Leeds is a pleasant university city that has attractive Georgian, Victorian and modern architecture.
Geography and climate
Leeds is located in Northern England in the west of Yorkshire. The city is located on the River Eyre at the foot of the Pennine Mountains. The climate is temperate with mild summers and cool winters.
- The population is more than 780 thousand people.
- Area - 551.72 km².
- Currency - pound sterling.
- English language.
- Time - UTC 0, in the summer +1.
- Great Britain is not a party to the Schengen agreement. A visa can be obtained with a personal visit to accredited visa centers located in Moscow, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don and Yekaterinburg.
- Leeds has an international airport, which has regular flights to London, Paris, Amsterdam and other European cities.
- By train you can get to Leeds from London, York, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham and other British cities.
- Leeds is one of the centers of British shopping. The city is famous for its many shops and shopping galleries. The most elegant shops are in the Victorian Quarter. Trinity Mall is located on Albion Street, with many restaurants, shops and a movie theater. The Kirkgate market in Leeds is one of the largest in Europe. A large number of stores are concentrated in the Briggate area.
- Many bars and pubs can be found in the Briggate, Exchange Quarter and Assembly Streets.
Leeds was first mentioned in the late 11th century. In 1207, the settlement received the status of a market city. Until the 17th century, Leeds was a small town that flourished thanks to the wool trade. With the advent of the industrial revolution, the era of its prosperity begins.During this period, Leeds became the economic center of Northern England. Numerous industrial enterprises are being built here. Over a century of industrial development, the population of Leeds has increased 15 times.
In 1816, the canal was completed, which connected the city with the west coast of England. In 1758, the world's first railroad was built here. Leeds developed before World War II. After the war, there was a drop in production, which significantly affected the welfare of the city. Now only 1/10 of the population is employed in industry.
The Civil Quarter is the heart of Leeds with many beautiful Georgian and Victorian buildings, numerous statues, museums and shops.
The Town Hall is a magnificent historic building, which is one of the symbol of Leeds. It is considered a masterpiece of Victorian architecture, built in 1858. The town hall is notable for its beautiful Corinthian columns and a 61-meter clock tower.
Victoria Square has a magnificent art gallery, which includes an excellent collection of paintings by British, French and Italian artists.
One of Leeds' most popular destinations is The Headrow and The Briggate. Headrow is a pedestrian area with many shops, public and cultural sites. The Briggate district is famous for its historical shopping galleries and magnificent 19th-20th century arcades (Grand Arcade, Thorntons Arcade, Queens Arcade). The pearl of this area is Queen Victoria Street.
The Royal Armory is one of the three museums of the Royal Armory, which has an impressive collection of weapons and armor.
The cathedral is a magnificent neo-Gothic religious building of the early 20th century. The current building has replaced the church of St. Anne, which was built in the 19th century.
Church of st. John the Evangelist
Church of st. St. John the Evangelist - the only surviving medieval church of Leeds, built in 1634. This is probably the most beautiful religious building in the city, located in New Brigat. The building has a two-nave structure and an original department.
Church of st. Trinity
Church of st. Trinity is a magnificent 18th-century Georgian church located on a river bank in the Boar Lane area.
Minster or St. Petra
Minster or St. Petra is one of the most impressive sights of the city, built on the site of a medieval religious building. This impressive neo-Gothic building has huge stained-glass windows and stores an ancient religious artifact - a cross of the 10th century.
Kirkstal Abbey - a magnificent historical monument, located 7 km west of Leeds. It is one of the most pristine examples of medieval Cistercian Abbey in the UK. In addition to the charming ruins, there is 24 hectares of parkland.
Lotherton Hall is an Edwardian country mansion located on the eastern edge of Leeds. This house is full of history and contains an impressive collection of decorative art.
Herwood House is a magnificent 18th-century Georgian country mansion, which was the residence of the count of the same name. Located 14 km north of Leeds and has an impressive interior, paintings and a collection of porcelain.
Millennium Square - one of the most impressive urban spaces, which is the center of Leeds' cultural life. In summer, the square is often used for festivals and concerts. The most impressive building here is the White Stone Civic Hall, two pretty towers and Romanesque columns.
The Leeds-Liverpool Canal is the largest hydraulic facility in Northern England with a length of 204 km. The canal was built during the Industrial Revolution and connects Leeds to the west coast of Great Britain.
Newsam Temple is a historic Tudor mansion with a rich collection of furniture, paintings, ceramics and textiles.