The Pyramid of Mencaura is the third largest in size and magnificence, the latest and most southerly located architectural landmark in Giza. According to eyewitnesses, it was the most beautiful building of the entire ensemble. Initially, the surface was covered with red granite and turkish limestone, which gave it great grandeur.
The construction of this pyramid took place taking into account the experience of building its larger predecessors. This is the only memo that was used to create monolithic blocks, one of which weighed almost 200 tons. Particularly noteworthy is the magnificent statue of the king, located in the center of the chapel of the temple. This is a true masterpiece that amazes everyone with its beauty and high quality workmanship.
You can visit and get acquainted with two tombs located inside the pyramid, as well as located near three tombs, which, according to historical data, belonged to the wives of the pharaoh. Mykirin Pyramid is a symbol of the end of the era of the Ancient Kingdom in the history of Ancient Egypt. The sights of this architectural complex will appeal to a huge number of admirers of historical antiquity.
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This ancient Egyptian necropolis consists of the Khufu Pyramid (known as the Great Pyramid and the Cheops Pyramid), the somewhat smaller Hafra pyramid less than two hundred meters to the southwest and the relatively modest size of the Menkaur Pyramid a few hundred meters further southwest, as well as a number smaller satellite pyramids, known as the Queen's Pyramids and Valley Pyramids.
The surface of the pyramids was covered with polished white limestone slabs. After the fall of ancient Egyptian civilization, limestone was stolen by local residents for their own needs.
The Great Sphinx is located on the east side of the complex facing east. Many scientists continue to believe that the Sphinx has a portrait resemblance to Hafra.
The monolith used in the memorial temple of Menkaur - its weight is estimated at more than 200 tons - is the heaviest on the Giza plateau. The colossal statue of the seated king from the central chapel of the Temple of Menkaur is one of the largest in the era of the Ancient Kingdom.
The Pyramid of Menkaur (also known as the "Pyramid of Mycerinus") is the southernmost, late and lowest of the three Egyptian pyramids in Giza.
According to eyewitnesses, the Menkaur pyramid was the most beautiful of all the pyramids.
The Menkaur Pyramid is the smallest of the three famous pyramids erected on the Giza plateau. In ancient times, the pyramid was called "God-like Menkaur." It was built for the pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty of the rulers of Ancient Egypt, Menkaur (Mycerin). He was the son of Pharaoh Hafre, who built the second largest pyramid near the Great Pyramid. The honor of opening the entrance to the pyramid of Menkaur nowadays belongs to Perring and Wies. The entrance was found in 1837.
The Menkaur Pyramid was built on the flattened slope of the Giza Plateau. Its initial height was 66.5 meters with a base side length of about 108 meters. To date, only part of the granite cladding of the lower layers of the pyramid from the north side has been preserved. Most of the white limestone cladding has been lost. The masonry of the pyramid itself also suffered greatly from the north. In 1196, one of the rulers of Egypt, the son of Salladin, Molek abd al-Aziz Osman bin Youssef tried to destroy the Menkaur pyramid, but after eight months of hard work, he managed to cut through only a gap from the north side above the entrance.
Near the pyramid there are three pyramids satellites of the memorial complex of the pharaoh Menkaur. On the eastern side, the pyramid is adjoined by the remains of the memorial church and part of the path for the processions. The lower temple is difficult to explore, as it is located near the Muslim cemetery of the village of Nazlet al-Samman. The tomb of Queen Hentkaves, who was the mother of the pharaohs Userkaf and Sahur, adjoins the memorial complex of Menkaur.
Plan of the complex of the Third Pyramid of Giza.
1- Pyramid of Menkaur, 2- memorial temple, 3- path for processions,
4- the remains of the lower temple, 5- pyramids - companions (G3a- east, G3b- center, G3c- west),
6 - Mikerin quarry, 7 - wall of the fence, 8 - tomb of Queen Hentkaves (mothers of Userkaf and Sahur).
Wiki: en: Pyramid of Mycerinus
This is a description of the attractions of the Pyramid of Mykerin 19.1 km south of Cairo, (Egypt). As well as photos, reviews and a map of the surroundings. Find out the history, coordinates, where it is and how to get there. Check out other places on our interactive map, get more detailed information. Get to know the world better.
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Pyramid of Mikerin (Menkaura) is included in the ensemble of the pyramids of Giza. This is the smallest pyramid of the complex. It is located away from tourist routes, immediately after it begins the desert. Travelers who are brought to the Giza pyramids by bus often do not even reach the burial structure belonging to the grandson of the great pharaoh Khufu - the ruler of Menkaure.
Contemporaries of the pharaoh called this pyramid "High", but in fact it rises above the ground by only 66 meters. Its construction did not take much time. Scientists suggest that for some reason he did not even graduate. One of the sultans, who lived in the XII century, took part in the destruction of the top of the pyramid of Mikerin. As you know, the pyramids were erected from limestone mined opposite the Giza plateau - in the quarries of Tura. This building material was very much appreciated, so the sultan ordered to dismantle the top of the pyramid in Giza in order to build some kind of structure for his own needs. Despite its modest size, the Mykerin pyramid is also known for several construction records. For example, during its construction a stone block weighing 200 tons was used. Moving such a block required considerable effort from the builders. The pyramid was lined with slabs of red hue, which disappeared in the XVI century during the reign of the Mamelukes.
Inside the pyramid was a basalt sarcophagus. British archaeologists decided to transport him to London, loaded onto a ship that sank off the coast of Spain. They could save only the wooden lid of the royal sarcophagus, which is now on display to the public at the British Museum.