The most popular beaches are central El Sardinero and ancient La Magdalena. On Sardinero there is a wide sandy shore 500 meters long, a gentle slope to the water, protected from direct waves. Next to it is Concha Beach, 250 meters long, adjacent to the park. The well-equipped Playa La Magdalena is located in a bay in the residence. Playa de Bikinis is also located in the royal park: there, near the ruins of an old pier, divers dive. Los Peligros occupies 200 m along the coast of Santander Bay. On an island in the middle of the waters of Playa Los Peligros there is a sailing school. The secluded Playa de Matalenyas is located on the western edge: it stretches between the lighthouses of Menor and Major. Quiet scenic Los Peligros is located in the bay, opposite the Peña Cabarga Mountain.
Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Royal Palace and La Magdalena Park
El Sardinero District
Botin Art Center
Cape May Lighthouse (it has a museum)
Gardens of Pered
Cantabria Festivals Palace
Kaha Cantabria Cultural Center
Sports Palace (Santander)
Museum of the Prehistory and Archeology
Cantabria Maritime Museum
Museum of Modern Art and Art Nouveau Cantabria
Funicular and lookout Rio de la Pila
Los Peligros Beach
La Magdalena Beach
El Camello Beach
El Sardinero Beach I
El Sardinero Beach II
Los Molinukos Beach
The Cathedral of Santander survived in a fire, has survived to the present day. It was built in the 12th – 14th centuries on the site of the Roman cloister of Cuerpos Santos. An ancient monastery church with the relics of the city’s patron saints - Emetria and Celedonia is hidden in the crypt, under a transparent ceiling. The Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Cathedral is a three-nave Romano-Gothic basilica with an original XIII century portal and a cloister with a bypass gallery.
Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
The neo-Gothic church Sagrado Corazón de Jesús was consecrated since 1890, the bell tower was erected 13 years later. The temple, created by Jose Maria Basterra, has a Latin cross in plan, the arches are erected on 12 rib supports. The sculptural compositions inside the church and at the central gate are the work of Michel Castellanos.
Not far from the Cathedral, in the Plaza de Ayuntamiento, is the city hall. The building of the Santander Municipal Council was originally built in 1907 in an eclectic style designed by architect Julio Martinez Zapat. In the future, it was significantly expanded.
Royal Palace and La Magdalena Park
The royal palace of La Magdalena stands on top of the peninsula of the same name. The former royal residence of 1912, built for Alfonso XIII, is now used for public events and weddings. The palace is surrounded by a park and coniferous forest on 25 hectares. This is a public recreation area with a sea zoo, polo field, beach, playgrounds.
Ticket price and opening hours of the palace:
A ticket to the palace of La Magdalena for a 45-minute tour (only in Spanish) costs € 3.
|from June 10 to September 30||the rest of the year:|
|Mon - Fri||not||10:00, 11:00, 12:00 and 16:00, 17:00, 18:00|
|Sat - Sun||10:00, 11:00, 12:00||10:00, 11:00, 12:00|
El Sardinero District
The El Sardinero area is the area between the Magdalena Peninsula and Cape Menor, the center of Santander's tourist life. Here, along the two main beaches, there is a promenade, Pikio Gardens are green, the best hotels and the Grand Casino are built. In this area are the Palace of Sports and the Arena of El Sardinero, the Palace of Congresses, Italy Square.
The great casino of Santander
The magnificent Grand Casino building has been standing on the Plaza de Italia since 1916. The game complex was designed by architect Valle. Inside, there are two bars, eight poker tables, slot machines, roulette, blackjack. Gran Casino Sardinero hosts music events, performances, presentations, and exhibitions.
Botin Art Center
Botin Art Center is a modern cultural site on Paseo de Pereda Boulevard, an art center designed by Italian architect Renzo Piano. Fundacion Botin - a venue for exhibitions, festivals. The complex combines two buildings with a total area of 2,500 m² with a roof terrace. Buildings rest on columns, as if hovering over a bay.
Ticket price and opening hours:
A ticket to the Botin Arts Center costs € 8. The price includes permanent and temporary exhibitions.
|October to May||from June to September|
|Mon and January 1, December 25||closed||closed|
|VT - Sun||10:00 – 20:00||10:00 – 21:00|
The Royal Hotel Eurostars Hotel Real is located on a hill in the middle of a green garden. The rooms offer views of the bay and the beach of Los Peligros, the restaurant La Rosalera overlooks the magnificent rose garden. The building was built in 1917, recently renovated. The hotel has 7 floors, 123 rooms. Conference rooms, banquet facilities are equipped, there is a sports complex, a large spa. Hotel page on.
Pereda Boulevard is the oldest city street. The houses on Paseo de Pereda were not affected by the fire. Here are the palace of the Spanish Transatlantic Company and the neoclassical bank of Santander (1875). The promenade is named after the writer, the local native of Pered Jose Maria - the author of the collection "Mountain Sketches." The alley stretches to the port of Puerto Chico, in the evenings there are residents and vacationers.
Gardens of Pered
On the site of the former trade embankments are the Gardens of Pereda - a popular landscape park. Pines and palm trees grow here, flower beds are broken, there is a pond, a fountain is installed, carousels are working. A music pavilion was built where a municipal orchestra performs. In the middle of the green zone stands the monument to José de Pereda: on a huge stone pedestal is the figure of the writer, relief scenes from his works are placed under it.
Almost opposite the Gardens of Pereda is Plaza Porticada, surrounded by 64 neoclassical arcades. It, like many other things in the city, was recreated after the terrible fire of 1941. Plaza Porticada is a center of attraction for tourists and locals, there are many cafes and shops, there is a monument to the hero of the liberation war against the Napoleonic troops of Valarda.
Kaha Cantabria Cultural Center
The cultural center of Kaha Kantabria is an exhibition and entertainment complex on Kalle Tantin. The Art Nouveau building was built in 1904 by Lewis Domenech-i-Montaner, a contemporary of Gaudi. After 90 years, the center was reconstructed, since 2007 it was renamed (earlier it was named after the patron Modesto Tapia). In the halls of Caja Cantabria there are performances, rock festivals, film screenings, exhibitions.
Palace of Sports
The Palacio de Deportes de Santander is an indoor stadium with 6,000 seats in the El Sardinero area. The avant-garde building, designed by Julian Franco and Jose Palao, resembles a silver airship. The concrete frame is lined with hundreds of stainless steel sheets. There are concerts, fairs, exhibitions, handball and basketball tournaments.
The main market of Santander was built according to a project created by Eduardo Reynals and Juan Moya Idigoras (1897). The largest Cantabrian market since 1977 endowed with the status of a cultural object, has recently been restored. The two-story building has 160 trading places: inside, they mainly sell seafood. Farm products are sold outside the market.
Archaeological Museum of Cantabria
MUPAC - Museum of the Prehistoric Period and Archeology of Cantabria. The total exhibition area is 2000 m², the collection includes more than 2600 exhibits. MUPAC is divided into three thematic areas dedicated to history, science, the primitive era. The museum is located on the ground floor of the Mercado del Este shopping center.
Opening hours and ticket prices:
January 1 and 6, December 24, 25 and 31
|VT - Sun||10:00 - 14:00 and 17:00 - 19:30|
Tickets: adult - € 5, children (4 - 12 years old) - € 2.
Cantabria Maritime Museum
The Cantabrian Maritime Museum is located on the port of Los Peligros Beach. Expositions are devoted to marine fauna, the history of the Cantabrian coast and fishing, fishing life. The collection was formed from the XVIII century, however today Museo Maritimo is placed in a building of avant-garde architecture.
Opening hours and ticket prices:
|October to April||from May to September|
January 1 and 6, December 24, 25 and 31
|VT - Sun||10:00 – 18:00||10:00 – 19:30|
Tickets to the Maritime Museum: adult - € 8, children (5 - 12 years old) - € 5.
Modern Art Museum
The Museum of Modern Art and Art Nouveau of Cantabria (MAS) is located on Rubio Street, in the former library of 1908. It contains masterpieces of Spanish, Italian, Flemish painting of the XV – XVIII centuries, works of modern Cantabrian artists. The MAS collection includes 800 paintings and 200 prints, 300 sculptures, photos, coins, medals, and fossil finds. The lower two floors often host temporary exhibitions.
MAS is closed for repairs until 2018.
Funicular and lookout Rio de la Pila
From the observation deck, Mirador Rio de la Pila offers wonderful views of the city and Santander Bay. At the very top of all comers is a free funicular that runs from 6:00 to 12:00. A rather steep Río de la Pila street leads to the funicular from the city center, but escalators are installed on it to make it easier for residents of the city to climb.
A bit of history
In the 1st century A.D. the Romans founded the port of Victoriae Iuliobrigensium on this land. The first records of the city of Santander are dated 1068. Since 1187, the city received a special status of “Fueros” from Alfonso VIII. In 1497 the plague wiped out the inhabitants - only a fourth of the population remained.
By the 19th century, Santander had achieved prosperity, but in 1893 a disaster happened: the ship Cabo Machichaco carrying dynamite exploded in the port, a shock wave destroyed the streets. By the end of the 19th century, Santander became a center of tourism; a royal residence was founded. The 1941 fire again destroyed most of the buildings, but by 1950 the city was revived.
Events, Holidays, Events
May 28 - Fiesta Virgen del Mar, patron saint of Santander day: Cocido montañés is preparing a treat for all residents on the streets. June 23-24 - Night of San Juan with torchlight processions, fireworks on the beaches. In mid-July - Baños de Ola, a festival of mass walks and bathing, dedicated to the opening of the Royal Residence.
July 27 - Semana Grande with colorful performances, processions. Santander's main musical event is FIS, the International Music Festival. It takes place in the halls of the Palacio de Festivales in early August.
What to try?
Santander is often called the "gastronomic capital" of the country. Here they love seafood, cook them according to old fishing recipes. Local restaurants serve fried calamari calamares fritos, clam soup, sea ruff pastes and octopus sandwiches, lobsters. It is worth trying sorropotun from tuna, mussels mejillones a la marinera. The traditional meat dish is Cosido montañés - various meats, cabbage and white beans. Cantabrian cheeses are popular: Bejes-Tresviso picon, aliva.
Natural Park Dunas de Liencres
Dunes of Liencres - the most important dune complex in northern Spain, its area is 195 hectares. The park itself has dunes, a pine forest and two beaches: Playa de Canallave and Playa De Valdearenas. Here you can stroll along the dunes, watch the birds or simply admire the beautiful scenery. Nearby there are a couple of restaurants and ample parking.
Santander's main public transport is buses. Transportation is handled by Transportes Urbanos de Santander (TUS). Their site is tusantander.es.
A single bus ride costs € 1.30. This is a regular ticket (Billete ordinario), no transfers are provided for it.
If you plan several trips it is more profitable to purchase a contactless card Tarjeta estándar recargable (Sin contacto). The card itself costs € 1, you can purchase it at tobacco kiosks or vending machines. One trip on such a card costs € 0.66, in addition, it allows you to transfer to other lines within an hour. The minimum replenishment of the card is € 6, the maximum is € 36.
Funicular and escalators
Santander's public transport network includes the Río de la Pila funicular and street escalators, all of which are free.
Santander's main train station is opposite the port, not far from the Cathedral. Renfe trains run in both long and regional directions. Without a change from Santander you can get to Oviedo, Llerganes, Bilbao, Cabezon de la Sal, Valladolid.
Five kilometers from the city is the Aeropuerto Seve Ballesteros-Santander International Airport (SDR). Santander Airport is open from 06:30 and closes at 23:30.
Make your route how to get to Santander:
How to get from the airport to Santander?
From Santander Sev Ballesteros Airport to the city center, take ALSA S4 bus. They run every 30 minutes, the first bus from the airport leaves at 06:40, the last at 23:00. The fare is € 2.90, travel time is 15 minutes. Alsa buses arrive in the city at Santander Bus Station (Estación de Autobuses de Santander on the map), and there is Renfe Train Station nearby.
From Santander Airport you can leave for other cities: Bilbao - € 16.1, Irun - € 17.27,
Gijon - € 17.71, Zaragoza - € 29.0. Check the timetable and prices on alsa.es.
Location, climate Santander
Santander considered one of the most beautiful and elegant cities on the northern coast of Spain. The city with sea views extends along a beautiful, large bay with breathtaking views of the Bay of Biscay. From here you can go on unforgettable boat trips and even catch a ferry to Plymouth in the south of England. Due to its location in the Atlantic, the climate here is moderately humid year-round. In spring, autumn and in summer, the weather is pleasant, not hot. The maximum temperature in summer is 27 - 28 degrees. In spring and autumn, the temperature rarely drops below 15 degrees and 10 ° C in winter.
The proximity of the sea and the port had a significant impact on the city landscape. Santander is located on several hills that divide it into different areas with a typical face corresponding only to them. The contrasting nature of this city with its beautiful sea coast and high mountains, with its charming terraces, the atmosphere of old magnificent houses and buildings of the 19th century, which can be found in the historical center of the city from the very first moment fascinate and captivate guests of this amazing city. Formerly the city of seafarers and merchants, Santander has been a popular holiday destination for more than 100 years. One of its biggest attractions is the famous beach of El Sardinero, the promenade and the peninsula of La Magdalena. Other important cultural values are: the Pilgrim's Path passing here and the nearby Altamira caves, both of which have been declared World Heritage Sites.
The history of Santander goes back centuries, to the beginning of the 1st century AD Archaeological finds indicate the existence of Roman settlements. In 1068, a monastery of San Emeterio was built on a hill near the sea and the ferry terminal. The relics of two saints, San Emeterio and San Celedonio, have been preserved in it. The city got its name in honor of the martyr San Emeterio. So, linguistic research indicates that the name of the city comes from the Latin name Sancti Emeterii or simply Sant Emeter, which ultimately turned into today's Santander. Today, two holy patrons of the city can be seen on its coat of arms.
In the 13th century, the development of Santander as a port and a trading city was rather insignificant, there were only about 2000 inhabitants in the city. It reached its economic and demographic peak in the middle of the 15th century, where about 6000 inhabitants lived. At the end of the century, Santander overtook a great plague, which caused a sharp decline in population. Repeatedly flaring up epidemic led to the fact that the city could recover only 200 years later. In the 18th century, the port city of Santander began to play a central role in trade relations with the American colonies, with the so-called “New World”. In 1755, King Ferdinand VI received city rights.
Over the past centuries, Santander has experienced two devastating disasters that have significantly affected the development of the city. In 1893, there was a fire on the ship "Cabo Machichaco", which arrived from the Bay of Biscay and had 51 tons of dynamite on board. During unloading, a charge exploded in the cargo compartment of the ship, resulting in the death of 590 people and 2,000 people were injured. Even the roads near the port were destroyed by fire and blast.
At the end of the 19th century, Santander, like other cities in Europe, became a popular destination for tourism and recreation. The nobility and the rich bourgeois appreciated the city and its beaches for relaxation and communication. The last decisive factor for Santander, as a resting place, was the summer residence of the kings, which attracted a large number of nobles, wealthy citizens and respected persons to the city. Today, in addition to the important commercial and industrial center, Santander is a famous seaside resort in Spain. The most iconic example is the kilometer-long beach of El Sardinero.
The second disaster from which the city suffered was the great fire of 1941, which destroyed the historic old city almost completely. It began on February 15 of the same year, the south wind blew fire throughout the city. The victims of the flame were houses, streets, hotels, shops, bars and restaurants, only about two thousand objects.
The beaches and nature of Santander
Countless bright, beautiful sandy beaches attract Santander, like a magnet, a huge number of tourists. Particularly popular: the beach of Los Peligros, which is often visited by families, the beach of La Magdalena at the foot of the palace, which offers a particularly beautiful view of Santander, El Camello and the historic beach for tourists Sardinero. All beaches are very clean and often awarded a prize for high Okowerte. Even small children can swim on the coast; some sections of the coast are specially equipped for families.
In the Santander area there are amazing corners of nature declared by parks. The best preserved nature parks are in Oyambre, Peña Cabarga and Besaya-Sai. The most famous and largest national park, Picos de Europa, which extends over the regions of Cantabria, Asturias and Castile-Leon. Near Santander is the beautiful Cabarceno Natural Park, where various species of animals live almost freely.
Celebrations of Santander.
Virgen del Mar.
Every year, on Spirits Monday, the patron saint of Santander Virgen del Mar, a procession of hundreds of pilgrims goes to the chapel, which is located on a small island near the city. After the procession and the next Mass, a picnic begins, to which thousands of people join. The celebration continues with various performances.
On June 24, the day of the summer solstice, San Juan is celebrated with a big bonfire and festivities. Many areas organize their own program. The largest bonfire takes place on the beach of Segunda de El Sardinero, where a fair is organized.
July 16 is a celebration in honor of the Virgin del Carmen, the patroness of sailors. The festival is celebrated from the beginning of the 19th century every year and is one of the typical Cantabrian festival days. The image of the Virgin is placed on the deck of the ship, decorated with flowers, which floats accompanied by small barges and boats.
July 25, the anniversary of St. James, named after the Spanish Santiago, begins the Semana Grande, a festive week that begins with the town square and the appearance of giants with large heads. The following days are a colorful festival, concerts, performances, fireworks, competitions, everywhere they offer delicious food.
The emergence of the city. Middle Ages Edit
Some historians (for example, Joaquin Echegaray (Spanish) Russian) believe that in the place of modern Santander there could be a Roman port Portus Victoriae Iuliobrigensium (Spanish) Russian. first mentioned during the war with the cantabras in 26 AD e. .
Despite the fact that the city was first mentioned in 1068 during the reign of Sancho II, an important event for the history of Santander is the foundation in the ninth century of Alfonso II Abbey of the Holy Bodies (Spanish. Abadía de los Cuerpos Santos ), where the relics of Saints Emetria and Celedonia were transferred. According to legend, Saints Emetrius and Celedonius were beheaded for refusing to renounce the Christian faith during the great persecution under the emperor Diocletian. Later their heads were laid in a stone boat to save the relics from the advancing Muslim Arabs, and when the boat approached Santander, surrounded by cliffs, they miraculously split up, and the relics found their new refuge at the Somororstro hill. According to philologists, the name of the city comes from the Latin name of the place “Portus Sanctorum Emeterii et Celedonii”, later changed to the modern “Santander” (Sancti Emetherii → Sancti Emderii → Sanct Endere → San Andero → Santendere → Santanderio → Santander). Today, both saints are considered the patrons of the city and their heads are depicted on the coat of arms.
On July 11, 1187, King Alfonso VIII appointed the abbot of Saints Tel the lord of the city, and also gave him special rights and advantages to facilitate trade, shipping, fishing, and others.
In 1248, the inhabitants of Santander took part in the siege of Seville, as a reward they received a coat of arms from the king, which depicts the tower of Torre del Oro ("Golden Tower") and the Guadalquivir River. In the 13th century, Santander became part of the Sea Brotherhood (Spanish. Hermandad de las Marismas ).
The events of 1497 were disastrous for the city, when a fleet of Margarita of Austria arrived from Flanders, and with it the plague. After the epidemic, the city became depopulated - out of eight thousand only 2,000 people survived, 6,000 died.
XVIII — XIX centuries Edit
In the 18th century, Santander began to recover from past crises. An important event was the opening in 1753 of a road connecting industrial Burgos with the city (Spanish. Camino de reinosa ), especially after 1765, when trade relations were established between Santander and the American colonies.
On December 12, 1754, the Santander Diocese was formed, and in 1755 Ferdinand VI granted Santander city status.
At the beginning of the XIX century, rapid economic development allowed the city to occupy a dominant position in the region - in 1801 it became the capital of the eponymous maritime province (Spanish. Provincia Marítima de Santander ), and in 1833 - the Province of Santander (Spanish. Provincia de Santander ), which lasted until 1981 (in 1982, the autonomous community of Cantabria was formed).
In the second half of the 19th — beginning of the 20th centuries the city experienced the rise of tourism. Santander becomes the favorite resort of the Spanish king Alfonso XIII. For the king and his family in 1912 built the palace of La Magdalena. An important attraction of the city are the beaches of El Sardinero, with casinos, hotels, parks and squares built around it.
XX — beginning of XXI century Edit
The economic growth of the city, associated with the development of tourism and trade at the beginning of the 20th century, was interrupted by the 1930s - the Great Depression and political instability (the monarchy was overthrown in 1931) slowed down the development of the city.
In October 1934, in Santander, as in many cities in Spain, there was unrest associated with the inclusion of three representatives from the SEDA in the government.
In 1936, a civil war broke out in Spain. At first, Santander remained in the hands of the Republicans, only after the fall of Bilbao and Brunete did the nationalists begin to capture Cantabria. During the multi-day battle of Cantabria, August 26, 1937 Santander fell, many captured Republican soldiers were later executed. Subsequently, the equestrian statue of Franco was dismantled in the main square, dismantled in 2008.
In 1941, a fire broke out in Santander, which lasted 2 days: February 15 and 16. During these two days, almost the entire historical part of the city burned down. A strong south wind, as well as mostly wooden houses, did not allow to extinguish this fire. The fire killed one person - fireman Julian Sanchez Garcia. A fire destroyed the medieval part of the city (37 streets, with an area of 14 hectares), about 10% of the inhabitants lost their homes (about 10 thousand out of 101 793 inhabitants in 1940), and 7000 were out of work. The city almost completely changed its appearance and from 1941 to 1950 a full-scale reconstruction of the residential areas of Santander took place.
In 1980, the port of Santander was moved from the city center closer to the airport, to the border with the municipality of Camargo.
The municipality of Santander includes the territory of the city of Santander and its suburbs: Cueto, Monte, Peñacastillo and San Roman, which were once separate villages, but gradually entered the city line:
- Quarters: La Pereda, Valdenoch, Fumoril
- Quarters: Corbanera, Aviche, Bolado, San Michel
- Quarters: Nuevo Park, Primero de Mayo, Nueva Montagna, Ochais, Adarso, Rucandiaal, Cammareal, Lluha, El Empalme, La Lentheha
- San roman
- Quarters: La Torre, Somonte, Korban, El Somo, La Llanilha, El Maso, Kanda Landaburu, Lavapies, La Gloria, La Siera, La Candia, Corcegno, La Kevona, Pintores Montaneses, La Garita, La Canal, El Camiso, La Sota
- Quarters: Casonia, El Sardinero, Barrio Pesquero, El Alisal, Cabildo de Arriba, Castilla Ermida, Puertoquico, Centro, Quattro Caminos, Los Castros, La Remonta
The municipality is also divided into eight districts.
|Climate of Santander|
|Average maximum, ° C||13,3||13,8||14,9||15,9||18,5||20,8||23,1||23,7||22,5||19,6||16,1||14,4||18,1|
|Average temperature, ° C||9,5||9,9||10,7||12,0||14,6||17,1||19,4||19,9||18,3||15,4||12,2||10,7||14,1|
|Average minimum ° C||5,6||5,9||6,5||8,0||10,7||13,4||15,6||16,1||14,1||11,3||8,2||6,9||10,2|
|Precipitation rate, mm||123||104||105||125||89||62||52||72||85||135||146||117||1246|
|Source: Valores climatológicos normales. Santander Aeropuerto|
The population of the city in 2011 was 179,921 people (183,955 in 2006). Beginning in the 1990s, there has been a tendency toward a decrease in population: a decrease in the birth rate and an increase in mortality. The average age of the population in 1996 was 40 years. Santander is one of the safest cities in Spain, since the crime rate in 2007 was one of the lowest in the country (36.2 offenses per 1000 inhabitants).
|Population||180 328||186 145||191 079||185 410||184 264||183 799||183 955|
The main local government of Santander is the municipal council, led by the city's Alcade. Since 2007, his position has been held by Iñigo de la Serna from the People's Party. For 2012, the municipal council consists of 18 members from the People’s Party (PP), 5 from the Federation of Socialists of Cantabria (Spanish Partido Socialista de Cantabria-PSOE , PSC-PSOE) and 4 from the Regional Party of Cantabria (Spanish Partido regionalista de cantabria , PRC) .
The City Hall is located on the Plaza del Ayuntamiento, in the building of 1907 (architect Julio Marines-Zapata), significantly rebuilt in the following years. Near the building, in the square, there was an equestrian statue of General Franco, installed in 1964 (sculptor Jose Capus Mamano). In 2008, the monument was dismantled and sent for storage to the Museum of Cantabria.
Santander has many interesting museums and exhibition centers:
- Maritime Museum of Cantabria (Spanish)Museo marítimo del cantábrico )
- Museum of Contemporary Art of Santander and Cantabria (SpanishMuseo de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo de Santander y Cantabria )
- Museum of the Prehistoric Epoch and Archeology of Cantabria (SpanishMuseo de prehistoria y arqueología de cantabria )
- Santander Bullfighting Museum (SpanishMuseo taurino de santander )
- Cantabria Festivals Palace (SpanishPalacio de festivales de cantabria )
- Palace of Congresses and Exhibitions of Santander (SpanishPalacio de Exposiciones y Congresos de Santander )
- Regional Cinematheque of Cantabria (SpanishFilmoteca Regional de Cantabria )
- Santander Cathedral of the XIII-XIV centuries, consisting of two parts: the lower church and the upper. The relics of Saints Emetria and Celedonia are stored in the cathedral.
- Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
- The Royal Palace of La Magdalena of 1912, the summer residence of King Alfonso XIII, in which Santander turned into a popular resort.
- The El Sardinero district, which is a tourist center of the city, with casinos, restaurants and hotels, in addition, in this part of Santander there are a number of large cultural and sports facilities of the city, such as the Palace of Congresses and Exhibitions, El Sardinero Stadium and the Sports Palace.
- El Grand Casino Sardinero is the largest casino in Cantabria, which opened in 1916. The architect is Eloy Marines del Valle.
- Faro de Cabo Mayor is a lighthouse on Cape Cape Mayor, built on August 15, 1839.
- Hotel Real is a beautiful five-story hotel, built in 1917 according to the project of Gonzalez Riancho.
- Paseo de Pereda - one of the main streets of the city, runs along the coast from Alfonso XIII to Castelar. The main attractions are Pereda Gardens and the Santander Bank building:
- Gardens of Pereda (SpanishJardines de pereda ) Is a small park named after the Spanish writer Jose Maria de Pereda. In the center is a monument to the writer.
- Santander Bank Building (SpanishEdificio banco de santander ) - a five-story building, built in 1923, consists of two buildings connected by an arch (architect Javier González Riancho).
Parks and beaches Edit
Santander is famous for its beaches and parks. On the La Magdalena peninsula, around the royal palace, there is a park of the same name (Spanish. Parque de la magdalena ), which, along with the palace, is the main attraction of the city. The park has a pond and the buildings of the Royal Stables. On May 11, 2007, the Atlantico de las Llamas Park was opened, located behind the Sports Palace.
Other parks and gardens include the Picio Gardens (Spanish Jardines de piquío ), located in the tourist area of El Sardinero, among the famous beaches, the park of Doctor Morales (Spanish Parque del doctor morales ), popularly called “Cow's Park”, since there is a monument to a cow on its territory, the park of Gonzalez-Mesones, bearing the name of one of the mayors of Santander, and others.
Santander has 12 city beaches, including the most famous First and Second beaches of El Sardinero.
Santander in the major league of the Spanish football championship represents FC Racing, holding its home matches on the field of the stadium El Sardinero. The club was founded in 1913 and was renamed during the Franco era in Real Santander, in 1977 the former name was restored.
In addition to football, the city had its famous handball club Cantabria (Theka Cantabria), founded in 1975. The last competitions with the participation of the handball team were held at the Santander Sports Palace.
Some famous city teams:
|Club||Kind of sport||League||Stadium|
|FC Racing||Football||Spain Football League 2||Stadium El Sardinero|
|Alma Santander||Handball||División de honor plata|
|Estela Santander||Basketball||EBA League||Santander Sports Palace|
|Agrupación Deportiva Sagardía||Handball (female)||League Costa Blanco|
|Real Sociedad||Field hockey||División de honor||La albericia|
|Independent||Rugby||División de Honor B|
The main mode of transport in Santander is automobile. City buses belong to the municipality. The fare is 1,20 € (for 2012). Buses are also operated by ALSA, through a subsidiary of Astibus.
In 2006, a subway project was developed, consisting of four lines of light rail and a funicular built in 2008.
In Santander, there are two railway stations located on the Plaza de las Estaciones (Atilano Rodriguez street), next to the bus station (Spanish. Estación de Autobuses de Santander ) On the one, landing on trains traveling along a broad gauge line (owned by RENFE), on the other on two narrow gauge trains (owned by FEVE).
Santander Airport is located five kilometers from the city, in the municipality of Camargo. In 2007, the number of passengers reached 761 thousand people a year, and in 2011 exceeded the mark of one million.
Church of Santimo Cristo
Another colorful religious landmark of Santander, the Church of the Holy Christ perfectly preserved its original forms and appearance. The main hall of the temple is very spacious, the columns are of considerable thickness, confidently supporting giant domes. At the end of the last century, archaeological excavations were carried out in the basement of the church. After these excavations, galleries were formed that can be visited today.
Palace of the Palacio de la Magdalena
Surrounded by enchanting landscapes, the Royal Palace of La Magdalena is arranged on a peninsula near Santander. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century for King Alfonso and his wife, who rested here every summer for 20 years.
After the palace was taken from the royal family, there were located: a hospital, the headquarters of the University, housing for the poor. Today, the Palacio de la Magdalena is the venue for important meetings, weddings, congresses. There is a museum that introduces the life of the royal family and the history of Santander.
“Cantabria and the Sea”, “Life in the Sea”, “Fishermen and Fish”, “Advanced Technologies” are the sections that make up the Cantabria Maritime Museum, located in Santander. He will delight one of the richest marine collections in Spain.
If we talk about the sights of the museum, you can call the aquarium, where you can see fish, most of which live in the Cantabrian Sea, a marine laboratory, created in 1886, a restaurant, whose terrace offers amazing views of the sea.
Museum of Archeology
The history of the Santander Archaeological Museum dates back to 1926, when the collection of artifacts of the Marquis Comillas was transferred to the city. Today the museum is equipped in El Este, a building located near the port.
There is something to see here. These are ritual artifacts from the El Pendo Cave, and exact copies of drawings from Altamira Caves, and ancient Roman household items, and giant stone slabs of ancient Cantabria, and a collection of ancient art, and exhibits from the Paleolithic era.
Paseo de Pereda
A trip to Santander will not be complete if you do not take a walk along Paseo de Pereda Boulevard, located in the tourist center of the city and declared a historical and artistic monument.
The buildings located here were built in the 18-20th centuries. Particularly colorful on the Paseo de Pereda: the Palace of the Transatlantic Company, built in the 19th century, the headquarters of the Bank of Santander, the work of Javier Riancho, as well as the gardens of Pereda.
Cuevas de Altamira are located 30 kilometers west of the center of Santander. Opened in 1868, they are 290 meters long and are the most sought-after attraction in this region of Spain.
The walls of the caves are literally painted with prehistoric animal figures, incredibly natural. The Altamira Caves Museum is located next to the cave itself. It features photographs of the cave, as well as a miniature cinema.
Palace of Sports
The imposing building of the Santander City Sports Palace is a masterpiece of Spanish architects Julian Franco and Jose Manuel Palao. Launched in 2003 and having capacity 10,000 peopleIt is intended primarily for basketball and handball.